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Position Paper/Response

Assignment 1 Position Paper Do violations of the Voting Rights Act impede the participation of minority voters? Research voting rights act, minority vote, etc. You'll be surprised to see that the Poll Tax is alive and well in new forms Assignment 2 Please make a positive response to post and number them Post 1, Post 2, etc. at least 50 words per post. If you need to do a word site please use ASA style for posts only Post 1The first few chapters examine the lives of Jeff Fort and Eugene “Bull” Hairston and how they began in a lifestyle of gangs. Social, fiscal, and racial policies, official and unofficial created the unique set of circumstances that led Fort and Hairston to the gang lifestyle. The Fort family moved to Chicago during the city's second wave of black migration. After living briefly in an area of the city known as the Black Belt, the family relocated to Woodlawn. The other future Blackstone Ranger leader, Eugene "Bull" Hairston, and his family moved in around the same time (Moore and Williams 2011:7-9). The structure of the neighborhood and the tension rising from the black migrants was the foundation for the Black P stone gang. In addition to examining the lifestyles of Jeff and Bull, the organization of the Black P stone gang was built on the main 21. The main 21 was a ruling body that governed the Blackstone Rangers. The role of the main 21 was to strengthen the organization by enforcing order. The main 21 and organized crime are very similar in the sense that both the main 21 and organized crime is illegal behavior that is planned and carried out by groups of people in a very systematic fashion. Both require order and organization. One of the ways they differ is that the main 21 saw themselves as outsiders empowering a people with no voice. On the other hand organized crime is just that, no higher cause for many. The Chicago police and the FBI, who by 1968 were enraged and convinced the Blackstone Rangers would be the armed vanguard of revolutionary terrorism, were hostile. The primary concern of the Federal Bureau of Investigation was that the civil rights and Black Nationalist movements would gain momentum and politicize the gangs (Moore and Williams 2011:7-9). The FBI did not want the Stones to be politicized to form an “interlocking” directorate with other youth gangs to carry out revolutionary acts against the government. The FBI intensified its surveillance of the Stones, they placed informants in and around the organization and implemented a misinformation campaign. Reference Moore, Natalie and Lance Williams. 2011. The Almighty Black P Stone Nation: The Rise, Fall, and Resurgence of an American Gang. Chicago, IL. Post2 The central idea of the first few chapters of the assigned book for the class, The Almighty Black P Stone Nation was about the migration of families from the south to Chicago, IL and how the organization was started and the lives of the founders before the organization. The first chapter focused on Jeff Fort troubles in high school and Eugene "Bull" Hairston a kid from Columbus, Ohio, who moved to Chicago's low-end. Different organizations had ties with the Black P Stone Nation like the Woodlawn Boys Club, the Woodlawn Lutheran Church, and the Woodlawn Organizations received funding to work with the Blackstone Rangers. President Lyndon B. Johnson as well as Rev. John Fry played a big part in the advancement of the Black P Stone Nation. The majority of the original Main 21 was Bull’s Harper Boys and Jeff’s right hand men. The purpose of the Main 21 was to impose order over the labyrinth of members and organizational franchises. The similarity that stood out to me was the fact that Organized crime networks and the Main 21 engaged in illegal activities most commonly for money and profit. The difference between the two was that Organized crime networks do illegal things for the improvement of their group and or one person. The Main 21 wanted better for the community. The interest the FBI has with the Black P Stone Nation and any other organizations were preventing alliances from forming to keep all the organizations from seeing that the U.S government is the treat and needs to be changed and eradicated. The strategy the U.S wanted to use was to create tension between the Black P Stones and The Disciples while taking the founders and leaders of these organizations and incarcerating them for life leaving the organizations to break down and become what they are today. Moore, N., Williams, L. (2011). The Almighty Black P Stone Nation. Lawrence Hill Books Publishing. pgs. 1-99 Post 3 In the first few chapters of the Almighty Black p stone nation. They mainly talk about how the organization is wrapped in the U.S history. They have been linked to some of the most gangs across the country, including the vice lords and the bloods. The Almighty Black P stone nation stands out among the most notorious street gangs. They also mention about Jeff Fort, a short, skinny kid from rural Mississippi whose family moved to the south side Chicago in the 1950's. Hairston and fort formed the black stone rangers, the precursor to the P stone Nation, in the early 1960's on black stone avenue in the wood lawn neighborhood. The named changed several times during the gang's fifty year history. At first the rangers were interested only in protecting their territory and their membership from attacks and retaliations by the disciples. During these formative stages the Blackstone Rangers seemed to have placed the running feud between the rangers and the Disciples and themselves secondary to their primary goal. Such is the organizational structure and size of the Blackstone Rangers today that they call themselves a nation. The ranger Nation is headed by a group of young men called the main 21. The preacher martin and the rest of the main 21 was made up of leaders of the minor gangs who had joined with the rangers. Each individual gang, it seems, maintained it's own organizational structure with its own officers but collectively all of the gangs made up the Blackstone Nation, which is presently incorporated to do business under the laws of Illinois. moore,natalie and williams, Lance.2011. The Almighty Black P stone nation. Chicago, IL: Lawrence Hill books; 1-97 Post 4 I believe that the first few chapters of the Black P Stone Nation were to give some history on how the organization got started. With that being said, I also got a lot of history on Chicago politics and how segregated this city was from as early as the 1850’s. I have learned that by 1915, the only blacks that reside in the Woodlawn area, was two percent. I learned what the Black Belt of Chicago was, and to my surprise, I learned that from the turn of the twentieth century up through the ending of WWII, the Black Belt was commonly known as the community in which African Americans lived. Jeff Angel Fort was born in Aberdeen, Mississippi in 1947. His parents moved to Chicago when he was about nine years of age. Forte was a trouble youth who had a leadership tendency and a charisma that had people to flock up under him. Eugene Bruce Hairston (aka Bull) was born in Columbus, Ohio in 1944. His family also moved to Chicago at an early age. Both of these young men had the ability to have other young individual follow them. Forte having 10 followers in the Woodlawn area, and Hairston have his only followers decided to unite alliances. People like Rev. John Fry benefited from the trouble youth by allowing them to congregate within the Lutheran Church. He was instrumental in Eugene Hairston and Jeff Forte getting funding from the government and he helped them organize their street gang structure. This was the beginning of the biggest organized crime gang in the city of Chicago. The Main 21 involves the order in which members of the organization. This group was the ruling body in which Forte and Hairston formed in order to keep order within the organization. The original main 21s stemmed from the original Blackstone Rangers (Bulls Harper Boys and Forte’s Posses). Other mains were appointed. There was no difference between organized crime and the main 21. They did business the same way. When think about the Family and how they organize their members, everyone in the family had a purpose of that organization. The same with the main 21, the people that Hairston and Forte identified to keep order in the organization had a certain quality that was needed. I believe one of the biggest concerns that the FBI had against the Almighty Blackstone P Stone Nations, is that the Black Stones became very large in numbers. It is stated that the organization had more members than the CPD had Police. Forte felt like FBI was trying to set him up so they would have a reason to kill him. But the biggest realty was that the organization was Black Nationalist who was against wars, and would form an alliance with the Black Panther to form a political coalition against the Chicago Democratic machine. References: Moore, Natalie and Williams, Lance. 2011. The Almighty Black P Stone Nation. Chicago, IL: Lawrence NOTE: PLEASE SEPARATE ASSIGNMENT 1 and 2 I AM WAITING ON RESPONSE FROM CLASSMATE FOR ASSIGNMENT 3 YOU CAN USE THE REMAINING WORD COUNT.
Assignment 1 Position Paper Do violations of the Voting Rights Act impede the participation of minority voters? Research voting rights act, minority vote, etc. You'll be surprised to see that the Poll Tax is alive and well in new forms Assignment 2 Please make a positive response to post and number them Post 1, Post 2, etc. at least 50 words per post.
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51566
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CREATED ON
October 19, 2016
COMPLETED ON
October 21, 2016
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$40
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