Criminology Institution Affiliated Date Abstract Many of the factors that drive crime are socioeconomic in nature. This paper discusses three socioeconomic theories of crime including the anomie theory social disorganization theory and institutional anomie theory. These theories focus on how external socioeconomic environment affects the risk factors associated with crime. Next the paper suggests the internal motives theory to explain the internal factors of socioeconomic importance and how they account for increased crime. Finally a discussion is made on whether or not juveniles from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds lead a life of crime. Social Disorganization Theory This theory was put forward in 1942 by Henry D. McKay and Clifford Shaw both of who were working at the Chicago School of criminology at the time. While most theories of criminology focus on the individual factors that lead to crime social disorganization theory insists that the place where one lives is far motivated socioeconomic factors such as greed and the urge to be and like other people are also important in explaining crime. Internal motives theory is the suggested theory that addresses the internally motivated socioeconomic risk factors of crime. References Agnew R. (2001). Building on the foundation of general strain theory: Specifying the types of strain most likely to lead to crime and delinquency. Journal of research in crime and delinquency 38(4) 319-361. Bucy P. H. Formby E. P. Raspanti M. S. & Rooney K. E. (2008). Why do they do it: the motives mores and character of white-collar criminals . John's L. Rev. 82 401. Buonanno P. (2003). The socioeconomic determinants of crime. A review of the literature. Working Paper Dipartimento di Economia Politica Università di Milano Bicocca; 63. Fergusson D. Swain‐Campbell N. & Horwood J. (2004). How does childhood economic disadvantage lead to crime?. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 45(5) 956-966. [...]
Five page paper, double spaced, 12 point font, Times New Roman, APA style. Research paper plus powerpoint presentation. Instructions: Must use 3 criminology theories that focus on socioeconomic issues. Must be at least 3 credible scholarly sources from websites. Construct your own theory building on the research of three theorists that focus on socioeconomic structure and crime. Describe the relationship between these different theories. How is your theory different, or the same? If a juvenile is a member of the lower class does it predispose that person to a life of crime? What risk factors does your theory address? Must use 3 criminology theories and theorists must be provided. Very important that it includes a powerpoint presentation, only accept this if you are fluent in powerpoint.