Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Legal and Economic Differences in Various Growth Movements In the 19th and 20th centuries land use regulations were formulated to create a balance between the varied interests of different communities. Essentially legal and economic winds have determined the shift in power between land use regulators and private property owners hence provisions of the local governments on planning often clash with the interests of the democratic society. Moreover present-day American history indicates that there has a significant shift in power from the local governments to the state in regards to land use in a bid to democratize planning as opposed to the elitist impulses that dominated the 20th Century. Therefore the legal and economic influences have gradually evolved to enhance democracy in planning by incorporating the views of preservationists environmentalists homeowners and other groups hence creating a shift from strict aesthetic standards limiting housing within these areas. In 2008 the law formulated by Arnold Schwarzenegger allowed the state to brandish both fiscal and political tools in a bid to ensure that decision-makers are influenced towards planning that accommodates transportation within regions such that there are little to no greenhouse gas emissions within the city. Noteworthy unlike previous movements the smart growth movement has reduced the affordability of housing within the urban areas hence limiting ownership to high-income earners. Furthermore smart growth emerged with the need to meet the needs of the suburban population. However smart growth has also tagged the most challenges as opposed to the preceding models in a bid to promote economic growth. Works Cited Fischel William. “Zoning Rules: The Economics of Land Use Regulation ” Cambrige: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy 2015. Fulton William & Shigley Paul. “Guide to California Planning ” California: Solano Press 2012. [...]
This is a 3 page essay for a legal / city planning graduate class on land uses. Describe the legal and economic differences between the "Good Housekeeping" movement of the 1920s-1950s, followed by the "Growth Management" movement of the 1960s-90s, and, finally, the Smart Growth movement of the 2000s. Please draw upon examples from both the Fischel (Zoning Rules! The Economics of Land Use Regulation, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy (2015)) and Fulton & Shipley (Guide to California Planning, 4th Edition, Solano Press (2012)) readings.