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John Rawls, "A Theory of Justice"

John Rawls, "A Theory of Justice" Does Rawls' approach provide a better social contract than Hobbes? Consider again last week Reading from Hobbes' "Leviathan" and contrast it with the position of John Rawls in the selection from the first of his seminal works in political philosophy, A Theory of Justice (1972). For Hobbes, what is first required for a stable society is addressing the first questions of safety and security which stem from that fact that human society begins by being in the State of Nature. For Hobbes this problem is surmountable by placing control (political power) in the hands of a Sovereign for the purposes of protection and guidance. In a somewhat contrary manner, Rawls attempts to demonstrate that we can conceive of a society in which the various plans, projects, and relationships that political activity (and human activity generally) consist of can reach a consensus. Rawls begins this experiment by stipulating what is known as ‘the veil of ignorance’. ‘Choosers’ that make decisions about the basic structure of society do so from behind the veil of ignorance. Choosers such as these are referred to as choosing from ‘the Original Position’. In the Original Position from behind the veil of ignorance, Choosers thus have no knowledge of themselves (i.e., what kind of person they are, ethnicity, social class, education level, etc.). Hence, it is only through deliberation that Choosers would be able to make decisions about the basic structure of society in service the common good. Unlike Hobbes, whose position necessitates that we place power in the hands of a Sovereign out of fear, Rawls’ position entails that the Choosers would establish political arrangements out of a duty to the common good, resulting in constitutional liberal democratic regime. Thusly, a moral order is established through deliberation and right reason in pursuit of the Good. Consider each of the readings and provide an argument for which of these positions is a better or more realistic vision of political life. Choose only one to support, not both. Make sure you consider both readings equally in your response. Required Reading – John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Selection) Recommended Reading – “Original Position”, Sections 1, 2, & 3. < http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/original-position/ (Links to an external site.) > Important: You may find some of the information in Sections 5 & 6 helpful. Please be advised that you should proceed through this material in a cautious and careful manner. The terminology is tricky and it usage is not always as apparent as it would be in everyday conversation. Remember: A reasoned response consists of more than one words responses or simple agreement with the author of the article or post you are responding to. Please cite all passages in the text (including page number) and cite all outside information according to MLA guidelines.
John Rawls, "A Theory of Justice" Does Rawls' approach provide a better social contract than Hobbes? Consider again last week Reading from Hobbes' "Leviathan" and contrast it with the position of John Rawls in the selection from the first of his seminal works in political philosophy, A Theory of Justice (1972).
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43221
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CREATED ON
September 19, 2016
COMPLETED ON
September 20, 2016
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$30
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