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Op-ed Strategic Surprises (Example)

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Strategic surprises and why intelligence fails sometimes Strategic surprises are unexpected changes that occur in a polity’s or society’s environment and to which actors will and must react. Conventionally it was widely accepted that in cases of failure sufficient intelligence is virtually always present and the major failure therefore lies in the improper analysis of that intelligence. Intelligence can lead to preventive action when a specific warning about an attack is made available to policy-makers who are receptive to the warning. In my view sufficient strategic intelligence and warning usually the long-range big-picture intelligence is helpful to policy-makers who then can provide sufficient strategic planning to avert any strategic surprises. However more often than not we see intelligence failure even when there are intelligence and warning. is the responsibility of policy-makers. This is because the intelligence sometimes is ambiguous leading to ambivalent decisions. We need to ensure that national and international security is guaranteed. If we want to look out for strategic surprises we need to devote much analytical attention. Intelligence failures are natural and to minimize them we need to set priorities right. There ought to be a political goodwill to support intelligence especially by making sufficient funds available. There is need to study the dynamics of terrorism and increase the likelihood of getting sufficient intelligence. Readings Oded-Lowenheim-Predators-and-Parasites (pages 16 200 212) Analysis-War-and-Decision-Why-Intelligence-Failures-Are-inevitable (p.63 65 69 70 71 88) Bolt from the Blue or Avoidable Failure (303 304 )A work in progress The bush (81 82 87) p.13 14 15 [...]

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An op-ed on strategic surprises: Why some failure? Crafting policy under pressure Balancing short-term reassurance and long-term interests 2 pages with 1,5 line spacing I will provide most of the resources as required for the class. The paper should allocate 150 pages relevant literature and reference it in the paper with the number of the page

Subject Area: Politics

Document Type: Term paper

This project has already been completed by one of the Studybay experts. The client rated this project:

Project's rating is 5/5

Price $30

Words 275

Pages 1

Completed in 3 days

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Client Review

Best as always. Highly recommend the writer.


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Subject of the project is Politics   Type of the project is Term paper

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