System Theory Name Institution System Theory Introduction Healthcare organizations are conceptualized by open systems that are characterized by event cycles transformations of energy negative entropy differentiation dynamic steady states negative feedback equifinality coordination and integration. According to the Nursing Services Delivery Theory (NSDT) input output and throughput factors interact dynamically in influencing the global work demands which are placed on nursing work groups in the provision of care in production subsystems (Meyer & O’Brien‐Pallas 2010). NSDT's theoretical foundation is the Open System Theory as applied by Kahn and Katz to large-scale organizations. Typically an organization depends on its supporting environments to realize continued outputs to promote its sustainability along with processing these outputs through interactions of individuals and patterned and recurring activities for purposes of yielding outputs. Therefore organizations are essentially social systems. The purpose of this academic paper is to apply systems theory to staffing issues affecting the organization diversity and incorporation. System theory recommends that all subsystems function collaboratively to impact burdens rendered on nursing workgroups. As a result the theory offers an encompassing model through which challenges facing healthcare organizations can be addressed. References Johnson J. K. Miller S. H. & Horowitz S. D. (2008). Systems-based practice: improving the safety and quality of patient care by recognizing and improving the systems in which we work. Manley K. O'Keefe H. Jackson C. Pearce J. & Smith S. (2014). A shared purpose framework to deliver person-centred safe and effective care: organizational transformation using practice development methodology. International Practice Development Journal 4(1). Marquis B. L. & Huston C. J. (2017). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: Theory and application (9th ed.). Philadelphia PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Meyer R. M. & O’Brien‐Pallas L. L. (2010). Nursing services delivery theory: an open system approach. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(12) 2828-2838. [...]
Assignment: Application: Systems Theory As noted in the Learning Resources, systems theory provides a meaningful and beneficial means of examining challenges in health care organizations. To do this effectively, however, it is essential to assess all system components, as some may be relatively healthy while others are problematic. For this Assignment, you apply systems theory to the examination of a problem in a department or a unit within a health care organization. (Note: You may use the same problem you identified for the Discussion as long as it meets the criteria for this assignment.) To prepare: Review the Meyer article, “Nursing Services Delivery Theory: An Open System Approach,” in this week’s Learning Resources. Focus especially on the information presented in Table 1 (p. 2831) and Figure 2 (p. 2833). Reflect on your organization or one with which you are familiar. Within a particular department or unit in this organization, identify a problem the staff is encountering. Using Table 1 in the Meyer article as a guide, analyze the department or unit, identifying inputs, throughput, output, cycles of events, and negative feedback. Consider whether the problem you have selected relates to input, throughput, output, cycles of events, and/or negative feedback. Think about how you could address the problem: Consider what a desired outcome would be, then formulate related goals and objectives, and translate those goals into policies and procedures. Research professional standards that are pertinent to your identified problem. Reflect on the organization’s mission statement and values. In addition, consider how addressing this problem would uphold the mission and values, while improving the organizational culture and climate. (Depending on the organization you have selected, you may have explored these in the Week 1 Discussion.) To complete: By Day 7 Write a 3- to 5-page paper (page count does not include title and reference page) that addresses the following: Describe a department or unit within a health care organization using systems theory terminology. Include a description of inputs, throughput, output, cycles of events, and negative feedback. Describe the problem you identified within the department or unit using an open- systems approach, and state where the problem exists using the systems theory model (input, throughput, output, cycles of events, or negative feedback). Based on this information, explain how you would address the problem as follows: Formulate a desired outcome. Identify goals and objectives that would facilitate that outcome. Translate those goals and objectives into policies and procedures for the department or unit. Describe relevant professional standards. Explain how your proposed resolution to the problem would uphold the organization’s mission and values and improve the culture and climate. Required Readings Marquis, B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2017). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: Theory and application (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Review Chapter 7, “Organizational Planning” See especially Figure 7.1. Chapter 8, “Planned Change” Organizational Change Associated With Nonlinear Dynamics Read this section of Chapter 8 on planned change. Consider the role of leaders in effectively managing planned change. Chapter 12, “Organizational Structure” “Organizational Culture” There are many structures organizations take, and these structures influence how the organization functions. This chapter discusses many different organizational structures and provides insights into how these structures influence the change process, as well as leadership and management.