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What is the historical background of this policy? What problem(s) occurred that prompted lawmakers, policymakers, administrators, managed care bureaucrats and/or other influential groups to formulate policies that would address the problem(s)? Why was this concern raised as an issue at this point in history? What were the relevant social and/or environmental conditions that existed then? Is it a new or long standing problem? Were there any previous attempts at resolving the problem? What revisions have been made to the policy either through legislative action, challenges to the law, or increased/decreased needs? Did/do constituents (our clients?) view this as a social problem?
What was the state of the economy and how did that influence the issue and why it is being brought forward? For example, the Great Depression of the 1930s was a time when sweeping legislation was passed to create programs to address the overwhelming poverty at that time. This was coupled with the fact that FDR was President at the time and as a member of the Democratic Party, he belonged to the party most inclined to address the needs of the middle and lower classes. How much did/does the initiative cost, who will benefit (e.g. landlords from housing shortages)? How did/does it affect economic oppression and the impact on the environment and future generations? Was/it it means tested?
Political, Ideological and Values Context:
The political context should describe how issues and causes are moved forward within the political system that resulted in the creation of a policy or program? Who are the constituent groups who proposed or opposed the policy? What arguments did they make for or against it? Have there been compromises to either political party to move this issue forward? Who is defining the social problem currently – lawmakers, political parties, lawyers, social workers, managed care bureaucrats, etc.? How might they be different from past stakeholders? What arguments have been made for and against this social policy? What has been said by politicians, interests groups, intended beneficiaries, social policy experts? Identify who benefits and who suffers from this problem and this policy. What ideology and values have framed this debate? Were there value biases? Who defined this as a problem? In view of your own ideological perspective on this issue, does this create a bias in your interpretation of the social problem and policy? Note that when you consider “values” and “ideology”, you frame your statements with words such as “should”, “ought”, or “must”. The term ideology refers to a class of value statements. It is important to distinguish between an ideological position and knowledge. Knowledge is factual, ideology is “what should be...”
What is the historical background of this policy? What problem(s) occurred that prompted lawmakers, policymakers, administrators, managed care bureaucrats and/or other influential groups to formulate policies that would address the problem(s)? Why was this concern raised as an issue at this point in history? What were the relevant social and/or environmental