Name Professor Course Date General biology 2 Question 1 A virus is defined to be a tiny and infectious particle that can only reproduce by infecting a host cell but cannot produce on its own. It is biologically claimed that viruses normally “commandeer” the cells of the host and use their resources in making more resources through reprogramming them so as to become virus industries. Due to lack of the ability to reproduce on their own they are therefore not regarded to be living organisms (Rodolphe et al. 8883). They also have no cells; they are known to be microscopic and therefore they are very small even smaller than the size of the cells of the living organism and due to this they are just packages of nucleic acid together with protein (Rodolphe et al. 8883). They have some important features in their bodies that enable them to be have an extra outer protective layer known as a capsule. Some of the bacteria bodies may also be covered by either flagella or pili mainly for movement. Flagella which is long mainly helps in motility of the bacteria while short pili help bacteria to attach themselves to the host. Despite both bacteria and viruses being small in their sizes they have a great impact on the bodies of their host. Some of this impacts are negative while others are positive. Viruses are mainly known to be carriers of many diseases unlike bacteria which some of them are involved in the process of food processing in the body. Work cited Hamel Rodolphe et al. "Biology of Zika virus infection in human skin cells." Journal of virology 89.17 (2015): 8880-8896. Schneider Dominik et al. "Impact of lowland rainforest transformation on diversity and composition of soil prokaryotic communities in Sumatra (Indonesia)." Frontiers in microbiology 6 (2015): 1339. [...]
General biology 2 Question 1: Viruses are small infectious particles within host cells. Question 2: Bacteria represent a group of prokaryotes with a diverse group of functions. Two pages on each topic .