PHILOSOPHIES OF ETHICS AND MORALITY (Name) (Institution) Question one: Alasdair Macintyre Alasdair Macintyre argued that the dominant moral traditions in the western culture had failed so miserably both as philosophical theories and as a moral culture. He argued that the then works of philosophies and the peoples’ ways or life and morality were characterized by lack of moral codes that were coherent (MacIntyre 2013). Also the argued that the majority of people in in the world were living a life that had no meaningful sense of purpose and his work therefore was aimed at transforming the capitalist society into a morally upright embedded in the natural law of justice (d'Entreves 2017). There is a marriage between the advocacies of virtues as a habitual way of life by the Aristotle and the demands and dictum of the natural law which judges the morality of human behaviors and actions. References d'Entreves A. P. (2017). Natural law: An introduction to legal philosophy. Routledge. Kenny A. (2016). The Aristotelian Ethics: A study of the relationship between the Eudemian and Nicomachean ethics of Aristotle. Oxford University Press. MacIntyre A. (2013). After virtue. A&C Black. Nietzsche F. (2017). Nietzsche: on the genealogy of morality and other writings. Cambridge University Press. [...]
1.) Aristotle or Nietzche? In 1983, Alasdair MacIntyre aruged that the dominant moral traditions in Western culture had failed miserably, not only as a philosophical theories but also as moral cultures. As a result, there were only two moral traditions from which to choose: Aristotelian ethics or Nietzchean ethics. How did the dominant traditions fail? What is the Aristotelian alternative? What is the Nietzschean alternative? Which do you choose: The Aristotelian option or Nietzchean option? 2.) Natural Law Theory and Natural Right Theory: What is natural law theory What is natural right theory? What are their principles and elements? Why do they matter? How do they play out in history? What is the nexus between them and Aristotle's virtue ethics?