Name Tutor Course Title Date Role of DNA Fingerprinting in Criminal Case and Paternity Testing Introduction DNA fingerprinting has been used in many criminal cases as well as paternity testing. The science has been hailed by many people including law enforcement officers as one of the breakthroughs in 20th century. The new technology has been used severally to identify criminals as well as prosecute them. The process has also aided officers in exonerating innocent individuals who have been suspects in various cases. However DNA fingerprinting has not yet been adequately tested in court of law. Additionally the science has also been used to establish the paternity of a person. This occurs in civil cases mostly. The paternity disputes occur in affiliation orders proceedings meant for divorce and in questioned legitimacy. The process is also applicable in cases of inheritance maintenance and guardianship. The forensic science is presently applied in sample of evidence the individual is excluded. In paternity cases the child contains genetic materials from both parents. Hence the DNA sequence of the child from any cell of the body must match with that of the cells of the biological father. This process gives results that allow the case to be settled with a 100% certainty. The same case applies in criminal investigations. Works cited Gjertson David W. et al. "ISFG: recommendations on biostatistics in paternity testing." Forensic Science International: Genetics 1.3 (2007): 223-231. Liu Li-Wang et al. "DNA fingerprinting and genetic diversity analysis of late-bolting radish cultivars with RAPD ISSR and SRAP markers." Scientia Horticulturae 116.3 (2008): 240-247. Roewer Lutz. "DNA fingerprinting in forensics: past present future." Investigative genetics 4.1 (2013): 22. Schneider Peter M. "Scientific standards for studies in forensic genetics." Forensic science international 165.2 (2007): 238-243. Vuylsteke Marnik Johan D. Peleman and MichielJt Van Eijk. "AFLP technology for DNA fingerprinting." Nature protocols2.6 (2007): 1387-1398. [...]
What is the role of DNA fingerprinting in criminal cases and paternity testing? How is it done and how accurate is it?