COASTAL EROSION Introduction Amongst the world’s dynamic environments is the coastal zone as it is a common ground where various geospheres interact. The interactions take place on a range of timescales that lead to dynamic effects such s coastal rebuilding or rather called coastal morphodynamics. Coastal erosion is defined as the breakdown and material removal around the coastline. It is a consequence of water and wind movements which leads to the formation of a variety of landforms along the coastline. Coastal erosion engages destructive waves that wear the sea. The factors termed responsible for changes in the coastal line are grouped into geomorphological and geological biological hydrodynamic anthropogenic and climatic factors .Geological factors include types of sediments the resistance and arrangement of those sediment structures while isostasy forms the major basis of morphological processes in developing the coastal relief. Many external forces are known to influence geomorphological processes which Indian Ocean and Asian countries Work cited Dronkers Job. Dynamics of coastal systems. Vol. 25. World Scientific 2005. Dugan J. E. et al. "8.02-Estuarine and coastal structures: environmental effects a focus on shore and nearshore structures." Treatise on estuarine and coastal science 8 (2011): 17-41. Giardino Alessio Giorgio Santinelli and Vincent Vuik. "Coastal state indicators to assess the morphological development of the Holland coast due to natural and anthropogenic pressure factors." Ocean & coastal management 87 (2014): 93-101. Greenan B. et al. "Estimating sea-level allowances for Atlantic Canada under conditions of uncertain sea-level rise." Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences 365 (2015): 16. Łabuz T. A. (2013). Polish coastal dunes: affecting factors and morphology. Landform Analysis 22 33-5. Shepard Christine C. Caitlin M. Crain and Michael W. Beck. "The protective role of coastal marshes: a systematic review and meta-analysis." PloS one 6.11 (2011): e27374. Van Rijn L. C. "Coastal erosion and control." Ocean & Coastal Management 54.12 (2011): 867-887. [...]
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