Student’s Name: Professor’s Name: Course Code: Date: Archeology Environmental archaeology is an interdisciplinary study that involves the study of the ways human beings interacted with the natural world in the past. Here natural world includes landscapes animals and plants. Environmental archaeology reconstructs the ancient environments which are in one way or another associated with archaeological sites and the way people who lived in these archaeological sites used plants animals and the landscape for their survival (Mark Pollard 6) On the other hand geoarchaeology involves the study on how techniques and concepts of earth science such as in hunting and land cultivation. Through the analysis of biological sedimentary waterlain and terrestrial materials (environmental reconstruction) archaeologists are able to understand ways through which human activates such as pollution industrialization mining etc. has contributed in the changing of aspects such as climate (M.R Usai et al. 5) Work Cited Mark Pollard. Geoarchaology: An introduction. Department of Archaeological Science University of Bradford Bradford BD7 IDP UK. “Methods for Sediment Sampling and Analysis.” United Nations Enviromnet Programme. December 2005. M.R Usai et al. Interred with their bones’: soil micromorphology and chemistry in the study of human remains. [...]
How does geoarchaeology and sediment analyses contribute to environmental archaeology? Why is environmental reconstruction important for archaeological interpretation?