(Name) (Instructors’ name)(Course) (Date) The Challenger and the Colombia The Challenger and the Colombia remains the two major tragedies in the world history of Space Shuttle Program. The incidences postured a greater challenge to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). From the time of the incidence NASA has spent a lot of time investigations to ascertain the actual course of the incidence with the aim of preventing a similar incidence in the furfure. In junior staffs should pass information to the senior. In similar incidences there is a long chain of command in passing of information hence paralyzing accurate and first flow of information. In conclusion NASA failed to internalize and apply the lesion that were learnt from the earliest incidence hence a decline in the level of performance. To ensure an excellent safety the organization must ensure that it takes necessary curiosity and safety in advancing its culture. [...]
NASA’s Shuttle program can be defined as a very complex system. In complex systems, one small malfunction can have disastrous consequences. After closely examining what went wrong in both these disasters, it was discovered that there were early warning signs that were either ignored or were discounted. The O-rings in previous flights held in cold temperatures; in previous flights debris had dented other orbiters, but did not cause problems. NASA explained these problems as “lying within an acceptable range”. Using the utility principle, do you think that the benefits (scientific research, space flight, ect.), outweighed the costs (killing of astronauts)? Explain your answer in terms of a cost benefit analysis.