Name Instructor Course Date Philosophy Research 1. Briefly discuss some insights on the neurological basis of aesthetic experience found in Ramachandran’s essay. Keep in mind Freeland’s criticism of this work. Ramachandran and Hirstein's essay gives an in-depth insights on the neurological basis of aesthetic basis. In the Neurological Theories of Aesthetic Ramachandran and Hirstein illustrate what they refer to as the eight laws that define art. From these laws the authors postulate that artists will either consciously or unconsciously take into account the eight laws apparently to maximally excite brain's visual areas (Ramachandran and Hirstein p.17 para.4) Their laws illustrate real examples that humans are indeed familiar with. For instance their explanation can be considered to depict the reason why a cartoon scrawl can be used to evoke a familiar face easily than a full-color photograph. In this case the eight laws of art address three imperative questions including: 1. beauty which contributes immensely in breaking cultural barriers. Nevertheless (Freeland p. 148 para 1) submitted various factors that in a way influence the meaning of art. According to the author apart from religion and ethnicity nationality sexual preference politics and gender play a crucial role on how people understand the meaning of culture as illustrated through different artistic caricatures. Nonetheless the different meanings illustrate the profound acceptance of culture across various regions in the world. Indeed no culture that can be considered to be isolated in the world. Works Cited Freeland Cynthia. “Cultural Crossings.” But is it Art?: An Introduction to Art Theory. OUP Oxford 2002. 60-89. Freeland Cynthia. “Cognition Creation Comprehension.” But is it Art?: An Introduction to Art Theory. OUP Oxford 2002. 148-175. Ramachandran V. S. and Hirstein William. “The Science of Art: A Neurological Theory of Aesthetic Experience.” Journal of Consciousness Studies 6(6-7) 1999: 15-51. www.dgp.toronto.edu/~hertzman/courses/csc2521/fall_2007/ramachandran-science-art.pdf [...]
The essay cannot be more than 4 pages. so the answers have to be straight on point. No external sources are to be used except the ones provided.