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Effects of Concussion injuries in Football

Important Paper Requirements 1) Each paragraph SHALL have a heading 2) 5+ pages of analysis excluding abstracts, quotations, figures, tables, and references 3) 4+ references (peer-reviewed journal articles) 4) 1 table or figure Note: APA Sections called “Methods” and “Results” omitted because they are beyond the scope of this course (i.e., IMRD). The “Results” section is typically merged with the “Discussion” section. Paper Section Components 1) Title Page a) Titles summarize main idea b) Titles contain main variables c) Titles show (hypothetical) relationships between variables d) Titles are fully explanatory (stand-alone explanation of paper) e) Typically less than 12 words f) See APA Manual (p. 23) 2) Abstract (1/2 page) a) NOT A TABLE OF CONTENTS b) Brief Context Statement (optional, use only if needed) c) “This paper examined ‘x’ and found ‘y.’” (important because this concisely shows the research question, variables, relationships of variables, and main finding) d) Summarize your key research questions and findings (2-3 sentences, “heart” of the research) e) Link research findings to theory (advanced) f) Previous work (advanced) g) Importance (so what?) h) Conclusion of researcher analysis (what was your solution to the problem) i) Implications (social change, i.e., puppies and kitties saved) 3) Introduction (1/2-3/4 page)(heading omitted per APA) a) “This paper examined ‘x’ and found ‘y.’” (important because this concisely shows the research question, variables, relationships of variables, and main finding) b) Formal statement of research problem c) Formal statement of importance of problem (i.e., so what?) i) Show problem deserves new research ii) Identify inconsistencies in the research (e.g., extend the research beyond theory) iii) Resolve controversial issues (respectful fair representation) d) Research purpose (what researcher hopes to achieve) e) Research strategy or method (i.e., what was done and why; cause-effect, etc.) f) Research hypothesis (i.e., thesis) i) Relationships researcher plans to study ii) Objectives of study (advanced) iii) Links to theory (advanced) g) How method will answer research question h) Research question(s) i) Primary (i.e., central to researcher’s purpose) ii) Secondary (i.e., exploratory) iii) State priority i) Findings (revision of your tentative thesis) j) Researcher’s solution to problem k) See APA Manual (pp. 27-28) 4) History of Problem (3/4 page) a) Also called background, background information, or context b) Historical information of specific research question (context) c) Not a time machine! d) Definitions of terms (critically important) e) Summary of problem (process information, statistics, etc.) f) Scale of problem (statistics require in-text references and corresponding citations) g) This section is typically required but optional in some cases (depends on research topic) 5) Literature Review (ordered analysis of relevant scholarship) a) Heavily cited section (just about every sentence requires reference because this section is not about the researcher’s opinions; think Clark Kent, Ace Reporter) b) Shows progress on solving research problem c) Theoretical basis (advanced; helps understand topic) i) Example: Incentive theory, operant conditioning, public choice theory, etc. d) Brief summary of relevant literature; report key findings (KISS; avoid “squirrels” because these are best suited for a different research paper) e) Based on what individual authors (citations) argue about a topic i) Summarizing general ideas requires in-text citation with corresponding citation (page numbers optional) ii) Paraphrasing specific ideas requires in-text citation with corresponding citation (page numbers optional) iii) Quotations (use only when required) require in-text citation and corresponding citation (page numbers required) f) Organization i) Additional headings are typically required (must be descriptive and stand-alone explanations of each paragraph theme) ii) Paragraph organization and sub-headings based on logical sequence and ordered analysis as follows: (1) Typically, the organization (i.e., headings) for this section is based on type of research paper: (a) Compare / contrast (b) Cause / effect (c) Process (d) Classification (e) Extended definition (2) Other methods of organization include: (a) By relationships (b) By contradictions (c) By research gaps (d) By research inconsistencies (e) By concepts or theories (f) By methodology (typically by similarity to researcher’s approach) (g) By historical development (i.e., narrative) g) NOT PERSONAL OPINION h) Result of a literature review should indicate the next step needed to solve the researcher’s problem i) End with transition to discussion (advanced) 6) Discussion (1 page) a) This section is based on your personal opinion as a subject matter expert on the research problem (also called analysis section, think Judge Judy) b) Additional headings may be required (must be descriptive and stand-alone explanations of each paragraph theme) c) Does the evidence support or not support your original tentative hypothesis? i) APA (p. 36) states that this section is tightly reasoned, self-contained, and not overstated d) Use sufficient detail to justify your conclusions e) Based on evidence in your literature review (e.g., statistics, etc.) f) KEEP ON POINT (limit your discussion to your research problem ONLY) g) Based on the literature you have used to examine your research question h) Discuss (do not simply state) the main finding of your paper (general) i) Discuss (do not simply state) most important ancillary findings (more detailed) j) Reconcile your informed judgment with the findings presented in your literature review k) This is where you prove to your instructor that you can conduct a real analysis l) Critical analysis (i.e., SWOT-IC) i) Strengths of literature (i.e., what is known, support for hypothesis) ii) Weaknesses of literature (i.e., what is not known, nonsupport for hypothesis) iii) Opportunities for additional research (i.e., unresolved issues and problems) iv) Threats to traditional findings of the literature (i.e., falsification, assumption problems, contrary research) v) Implications for research (how should new research respond?) vi) Consequences (what does it all mean in the real world?) m) Basis for your interpretations (i.e., evidence or “how do you know this?”) n) Credibility analysis (advanced) o) Student’s main findings (i.e., causation, etc.) p) Implications and consequences (detailed): Tentative conclusions that follow from the literature and your analysis (more detailed than in conclusion) q) Additional considerations: i) Unanswered questions ii) Unresolved problems iii) Barriers to solving the problem iv) Additional research required v) Limitations of your research vi) Alternative explanations r) Short discussion on researcher bias and what you have learned from the analysis or how your opinion has changed (personal impact statement, advanced) s) See APA Manual, (pp. 32-36) 7) Conclusion (1/2 page) a) Brief summary of findings and all relevant results b) Implications and consequences (general; most important only) c) Solve the research problem (i.e., policy recommendations, etc.) d) Future research requirements e) End with strong statement of value (i.e., puppies and kitties saved) 8) References a) APA format (alphabetized by author with hanging indents) b) Each in-text reference requires citation in the reference list
Important Paper Requirements 1) Each paragraph SHALL have a heading 2) 5+ pages of analysis excluding abstracts, quotations, figures, tables, and references 3) 4+ references (peer-reviewed journal articles) 4) 1 table or figure Note: APA Sections called “Methods” and “Results” omitted because they are beyond the scope of this course (i.e., IMRD).
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Assignment ID
20195
Discipline
CREATED ON
April 6, 2016
COMPLETED ON
April 7, 2016
Price
$40
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Latest reviews for Juliet
Lgipson
December 6, 2016
Lgipson
Great writer the paper was really well written.
laurendickey15
December 6, 2016
laurendickey15
Really helped me out, I was in quite the bind with this paper. Thank you!! Would hire again
chamric3021
December 1, 2016
chamric3021
Thanks