CREATED ON 26th June 2017
COMPLETED ON 27th June 2017
Expert hired: Fionah

Treatment outcomes for veterans with PTSD and substance use: Impact of specific substances...

See Attachments Instructions a written paper that is an analysis of a qualitative research report using the five basic questions in the example document outline below. This paper also needs to include a critical analysis of the research article you are using to write your paper. EXAMPLE OF PAPER: (PLEASE FOLLOW THIS 5-QUESTION FORMAT- PLEASE INCLUDE THE ARTICLE USED TO WRITE THE PAPER) Assignment #1 Quantitative Analysis 1.) WHAT IS THE REPORT ABOUT? For a start, the title of the article is Treatment of Gang Members Can Reduce Recidivism and Institutional Misconduct. Specifically, the article is about high rates of gang violence in prisons and in the community that need to be addressed with reliable therapeutic programs. The programs are based on cognitive-behavioral techniques that follow specific principles to help inmates become aware of their circumstances and their criminal behaviors. As a matter of fact, the study conducted in the article treated gang and non-gang members with three prominent principles that foster a reduced risk of recidivism. The three significant principles are centered in risk, need and responsivity. Therefore, the treatment was structured in an effective manner to decrease major, forceful criminal activities in the prison as well as in the community. Providing that, four groups were apart of the study design and the two groups that received adequate correctional treatment were less likely to commit major offences. In other words, the study found that the untreated gang members had a higher chance of falling back into criminal behavior and receiving longer sentences. Given that, the purpose of the study was to examine the treatment process of the incarcerated gang members and investigate if the cognitive-behavioral programs were more effective than the existing management strategies. The current management strategies in the prisons comprise of concepts involving isolation, separation, and dissociation among the gang population. The authors believe more correctional treatment approaches should be adopted in the prisons, instead of only focusing on separating the gang members from each other. The study is important because gang violence is a prominent issue in today’s society, and there should be more awareness of alternative solutions for reducing recidivism. All in all, I chose this article because of the population I want to work with in my future practice. Specifically, when I become a licensed therapist I want to work with African-American males that are affiliated with the gang life, and want to overcome their unhealthy situations. 2.) HOW DOES THE STUDY FIT INTO WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN? Notably, the research is addressing ways to assist individuals that are in the gang community that are prone to relapse back into criminal activities. In society gang members are highly likely to repeat the same behaviors once released from prison. This article is examining what is being done to control the problem on the prison level, and what should be considered for future use in the prison system. On the prison level there are three prominent measures that are used to moderate gang-related prison violence. However, there is not a lot of concrete evidence that shows value in those strategies. The strategies promote separating and dissociating from the gang life, which is very dangerous and does not reduce their risk to repeat their same behaviors in the future. Given that, Di Placido, Simon, Witte, Gu and Wong (2006) stated, “The objectives of this study are to evaluate the efficacy of treatment of gang members in reducing institutional misconduct and recidivism in the community. The currently available management strategies for incarcerated gang members, such as isolation, separation, and dissociation may be necessary to manage a difficult and volatile population of offenders. However, the empirical evidence on their effectiveness has not been established and they are not always appropriate to address institutional management problems and public safety concerns”. The research purpose is to examine whether effective treatments of incarcerated gang members can result in reduced recidivism and institutional misbehavior. Gang membership is a major safety concern in society and in prisons, so this study is bringing awareness to the treatment programs that work with the incarcerated gang members. Providing that, the authors of this study discuss previous studies by Carlson, Davis, Flannery, Fleisher and Decker (2001) that support correctional treatment programs as a possible solution to reduce gang-related violence in the prison systems. Also, the authors noted Andrews and Bonta (2003) on principles involved in the treatment process associated with risk reduction involving the gang members. Furthermore, the authors are building off on the previous research on effective treatments for gang members, but there is a gap in the literature referring to the relationship between four incarcerated groups in one environment. The research is needed because the study addresses the differences between the four incarcerated groups and the significant effects. Overall, the researchers references many studies but Carlson, Davis, Flannery, Fleisher and Decker (2001) work stood out to me, as well as Andrews and Bonta (2003). 3.) HOW WAS THE STUDY DONE? Specifically, the participants were untreated gang members, treated gang members, untreated non-gang members, and treated non-gang members from a pool of 1,824 male adult federally sentenced offenders. The study design is based on a retrospective-prospective examination that can be displayed as a 2 x 2 strategy. In other words, the strategy was designed for two components related to completed and non-completed treatment among the offenders. The gang and non-gang groups were examined from the Regional Psychiatric Centre, and there were three outcome measures put in place. To explain, “There are three outcome (dependent) measures: first, all, nonviolent, and violent official criminal code reconvictions following release to the community, and second, the rate of officially documented major and minor institutional infractions after the offender was discharged from the RPC. The third outcome variable is the length of sentence of the first violent conviction after the offender’s community release, which, we argue, reflects the seriousness of the re- conviction” (Di Placido et al., 2006 p. 97). Notably, the researchers collected their data from the Offender Management System (OMS). And, the data included all the gang information from the participants. The assessment of gang membership was collected from the CSC, which stands for the Correctional Services of Canada. Also, the researchers used a 15-item scale called the GSIR for the risk levels of each group of participants. The GSIR stands for the General Statistical Information on Recidivism Scale, which was made to assess the risk of overall offending. Furthermore, the researchers used an Analysis of variance (ANOVA) to analyze the differences among the groups of offenders. There were no significant differences among the four groups based on the statistical model. 4.) WHAT WAS FOUND? Namely, the results indicated that between the four groups of offenders there were no significant differences for the risk measure and the matching variables. The analysis was distributed among the four groups, which indicated UG=6, TG=4, UNG=4, TNG=3. Given that, the researchers found that “A two-way ANOVA, covarying pretreatment incarceration time, reveals significant main effects for gang membership, F(1, 54) = 5.41, p < .05, and treatment, F(1, 54) = 5.27, p < .05, and no Gang × Treatment interaction” (Di Placido et al., 2006 p. 97). The Figures in the study depict the survival analyses for the violent and nonviolent recidivism. In short, the researchers found a significant difference between the different groups in regards to the major and minor institutional offences. 5.) WHAT DO THE RESULTS MEAN? Overall, the authors were able to determine that criminal recidivism and institutional misconduct was reduced in the treated gang and non-gang groups throughout the study. Also, the overall conclusion of the study was that treatments with adequate principles could reduce an offender’s likelihood of committing the same unhealthy behaviors. Given that, there were some limitations to the study such as gang entrenchment, but I learned a lot of valuable information that will help me in my future practice as a therapist. References Di Placido, C., Simon, T. L., Witte, T. D., Gu, D., & Wong, S. P. (2006). Treatment of Gang Members Can Reduce Recidivism and Institutional Misconduct. Law And Human Behavior, 30(1), 93-114. doi:10.1007/s10979-006-9003-6 EXAMPLE ARTICLE:
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