Epidemiology of Burkholderia pseudomallei Name Institution ProfessorCourse Date of submission Background Burkholdera pseudomallei is a gram-negative intracellular bacteria which is bipolar and aerobic. It is motile and mostly dwells in water. The bacterium does not form spores. Burkholderia pseudomallei nutrition mode is saprophytism. The bacteria infect both human beings and animals through ingestion inhalation or open wounds. The infectious period after the first contact with the bacteria can range from a couple of days to years; as such people can be infected without realizing (Tortora Funke & Case 2013). Under some circumstances the bacteria also survive outside the host organism. Neutral to a slightly acidic environment is suitable for the growth of this bacterium. In the laboratory Burkholderia pseudomallei can be grown in the following medium; MacConkey agar Ashdown’s medium blood agar and Burkholderia cepacia medium. The bacteria cause a disease condition known as melioidosis (Wiersinga Currie & Peacock (2015). Airborne transmission of melioidosis to humans from environmental aerosols contaminated with B. pseudomallei. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9(6) e0003834. Currie B. J. (2015 February). Melioidosis: evolving concepts in epidemiology pathogenesis and treatment. In Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine (Vol. 36 No. 01 pp. 111-125). Thieme Medical Publishers. Dance D. (2014). Treatment and prophylaxis of melioidosis. International journal of antimicrobial agents 43(4) 310-318. Limmathurotsakul D. Golding N. Dance D. A. Messina J. P. Pigott D. M. Moyes C. L. ... & Hay S. I. (2016). Predicted global distribution of Burkholderia pseudomallei and burden of melioidosis. Nature microbiology 1(1). Todar K. (2017). Online Textbook of Bacteriology. Textbookofbacteriology.net. Retrieved 11 April 2017 from www.textbookofbacteriology.net G. J. Funke B. R. & Case C. L. (2013). Microbiology: an introduction. San Francisco: Pearson. ISBN-13: 978-0-321-73360-3 Wiersinga W. J. Currie B. J. & Peacock S. J. (2012). Melioidosis. New England Journal of Medicine 367(11) 1035-1044. [...]
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