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Please answer TWO (2) of the following questions. In constructing your essays, you are expected to conform to standard formal writing guidelines(Chicago Style): well developed thesis and introductory paragraph; clear and concise body paragraphs, with topic sentences, and use of evidence from the course materials (Weekly Online Resources, discussions, Instructor’s Remarks, course modules) to support your thesis; and a conclusion that summarizes the main points of your essay. You should write at least 1000 words ( typed, double-spaced) for each essay; anything less than that and you most likely have not adequately answered the question. Use
1. Our class begins with the crisis of the 17th century and goes through the collapse of the USSR. Compare and contrast the nature of these crises between the 17th and the 20th centuries: were they primarily economic, political, social, or a combination of all these factors? Why did the collapse of the USSR not produce widespread turbulence as was the case in other crises?
2. Define the engines of change in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries—e.g., what were the major factors driving the transformation of Europe from the medieval to the modern world? In your answer, consider political, social, religious, scientific, economic, and/or technological factors.
3. World War I has been called the defining event of the twentieth century. Is this true? Discuss the political, economic, and social impacts of World War I on the Western world. Consider both long-term and short-term effects in your answer.
4.Chart the evolving status of European women from the sixteenth to the early twenty-first century. Evaluate the factors that have been leading to their growing emancipation, such as social and economic changes, political action, and medical and scientific discoveries. Is the rise in power of women an important reason why Europe has been so pacific since 1945?
5. Between 1600 and 2008 the center of power in Europe has been constantly shifting. Spain, Holland, France, and Britain dominated before 1940 and then Nazi Germany briefly and then the two post war superpowers the USA and the USSR. Now it is the European Union that holds the most power in Europe. What were the major factors driving this political transformation of Europe since 1600?
PART TWO: SHORT IDENTIFICATION ANSWERS
Write Identification answers for TEN (10) of the following. For each ID, construct a full paragraph(10 sentences) answer based on the following elements: who/what (a narrative description of the ID); where (place in the proper geographical/cultural context); when (place in time – specific dates are best if possible); how/why (the significance and/or consequence of the ID – why is this person, place, thing important and significant in the study of Western civilization?)
“Blood and Iron”
Albrecht von Wallenstein
Baron de Montesquieu
Battle of Stalingrad
Bill of Rights of 1689
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
European Coal and Steel Community
George Monk, 1st Duke of Albemarle
International Congress of the Rights of Women
John Paul II
Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Fürst von Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein
Norddeutscher Bund (North German Confederation)
Oath of the Tennis Court
Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck-Schönhausen, Fürst von Bismarck, Herzog zu Lauenburg
Treaty of Westphalia (Westfalen)
Volvograd (Note spelling)