An Evolutionary Theory of Large-Scale Human Warfare: Group-Structured Cultural Selection Name of the student Name of the Professor Course name/code Name and location of the institution Date of submission An Evolutionary Theory of Large-Scale Human Warfare: Group-Structured Cultural Selection Abstract “When humans wage war it is not unusual for battlefields to be strewn with dead warriors. These warriors typically were men in their reproductive prime who had they not died in battle might have gone on to father more children. Typically they are also genetically unrelated to one another. We know of no other animal species in which reproductively capable genetically unrelated individuals risk their lives in this manner. Because the immense private costs borne by individual warriors create benefits that are shared widely by others in their group warfare is a stark evolutionary puzzle that is difficult to explain. Although several scholars have posited models of the evolution Mathew 2015:60). For instance the intensity of human warfare due to genetic variation was found to be far much low compared to that which is caused by cultural influence. Also there are substantial variations of war existence among related genetic groups in mode and in scale. Lastly the group-structured cultural selection affirms that human warfare does not meet sufficiently the minimal warfare conditions based on genetics. This makes it hard for all the other evolutionary models to explain the concept of human warfare hence making the group-structured cultural selection viable in explaining the root cause of human warfare as the research question demanded (Zefferman & Mathew 2015:60). Bibliography Zefferman Matthew R. and Mathew Sarah. 2015. An Evolutionary Theory of Large-Scale Human Warfare: Group-Structured Cultural Selection. Evolutionary Anthropology 24:50–61 Steward Julian H. 1949. Cultural Causality and Law: A Trial Formulation of the Development of Early Civilizations. American Anthropologist 51: 1-27 [...]
***Must be written from a Evolution Theory perspective***** Each Part should be 400 to 500 words, not including the Abstracts and References Cited section. Within your essay identify the main theoretical concepts with short direct quotes of the exact words or phrases followed by in-text citations to the exact source page in the style of the AA. These quotes can be placed in the appropriate places within the text of your essay. Recommended Outline: journal article essays must use these bolded section headers in this order. 1. Title: Citation of article in AAA Style 2. Web address: n/a 3. Abstract: - Exact quote from publication 4. Purpose: Identify the stated purpose of the article. What is the research question that is being addressed? 5. Research Question: What is the research problem, question, hypothesis or topic? 6. Heuristic Theory: What is the heuristic theory; the primary “Domain of Explanation? 7. Substantive Theory: Do they articulate a substantive theory? Explicitly or implicitly. Do they cite the theorists or theory publications? 8. Research Methods: What research methods were used? 9. Units of Analysis: What types of data or “units of analyses” are used? 10. Theory frames Question: How is the research problem and methods framed by the heuristic/substantive theory? 11. Question Supported: Does the data/methods sufficiently support the problem/question, hypothesis or substantive theory? 12. References Cited Section: List all of the sources you used in the essay and use AA style of citations.