By definition, realism can be regarded as a truthful treatment of materials, which really is a definition given by a popular North american Realist, William Dean Howells. The authors of realism tried to show a truthful representation of truth and their works demonstrated life as it actually was. Rather than telling a story that happened before, Realists tended to give attention to the here and today. Because of the Civil war and the rapid expansion of America, Realists concentrated on the middle class. The middle school was growing rapidly and provided Realists a good chance to create about regular, average, modern people and situations. The individuals usually appeared to be more important than the story of the storyplot and were usually offered some type of ethical dilemma. To be able to create a natural image, plots and vocabulary had to be as natural as it can be.