ASSIGNMENT ID
1010990
SUBJECT AREA Other
DOCUMENT TYPE Other types
CREATED ON 15th June 2019
COMPLETED ON 16th June 2019
PRICE
$40
15 OFFERS RECEIVED.
Expert hired: Javascript

Dicussion 5 week

Reply to this post:The systematic structure of the United States criminal justice system is an unfair one, to say the least. There is a substantial amount of racial disparities within the application, as well as the enforcement of drug laws in the United States. It is both evident and unfortunate how minorities and people of color are given unethical sentences for drug offenses, especially when in comparison to white Americans. It is my belief, is that these disparities exists due to past and present racism. Ninety-five percent of the United States Court cases are handled at the state level; which of that amount, white males account for 58% of the state judges (Jawando & Anderson, 2016). That percentage increases significantly for state trial court and federal court judges. There is a negative stigma associated with African-Americans, typically in the eyes of white Americans. It is, therefore, safe to assume that this is also the reason why these racial disparities persist. Prior to Congress passing the Fair Sentencing Act in 2010, individuals faced longer sentences for crack cocaine offenses than they did for powder cocaine offenses that involved the same amount of drugs, with whom the vast majority of the crack cocaine offenses given were to African Americans (Fair Sentencing Act, 2019 ). This is a prime example of how racial disparities work, for the mere fact that crack cocaine and powder cocaine are essentially the same narcotic, just in two separate forms. And while the Fair Sentencing Act lowered the sentencing ratio from 100:1 to 18:1, as it pertains to crack cocaine and powder cocaine drug offenses, the true ratio should be 1:1, due to the nature and origin of the drug. Essentially, in the midst of taking small step forward, the United States still have a ways to go before we see fair and just sentencing for all drug offenses, regardless of race and ethnicity. It must be two paragraphs, and Whether you agree or disagree explain why with supporting evidence and concepts from the readings or a related experience. Include a reference, link, or citation (s). Be organized in your thoughts and ideas. Incorporate correlations with the assigned readings or topics. Stay on topic. Provide evidence of critical, college-level thinking and thoughtfulness in your responses or interactions. Avoid summarizing. Contribute to the learning community by being creative in your approaches to topics, being relevant in the presented viewpoints, and attempting to motivate the discussion. Be aware of grammar and sentence mechanics. Use proper etiquette. Remember that being respectful is critical. reply to this second post: The drug laws in the United States help to create a platform for racial disparities to exist in the United States. During the early 20th century, drug addiction was common and opiate drugs were prescribed to addicts. In 1915, the number of drug addicts increased from 200,000 to 275,000 in the south and among people of the middle and upper classes. When the state and local government made efforts to regulate the non-medical use of drugs, it was not aimed at the south or middle and upper classes; it was aimed at the Chinese Immigrants (Mallicoat & Gardiner, 2014). Racism is not a new topic; it has occurred for decades. The huge crisis that was established by drugs and racism was the War on Drugs. The War on Drugs was declared in June of 1971 by former president, Richard Nixon. The racial disparities began after crack became a social problem in the 1980s (Mallicoat & Gardiner, 2014). There was a sentencing disparity between crack and powdered cocaine (100:1) that allowed certain people to be arrested more for one form of cocaine than the other. “Nearly 80% of people in federal prison and almost 60% of people in state prison for drug offenses are black or Latino” ("Race and the Drug War", 2019). After the War on Drugs was declared, the incarceration rate for nonviolent drug law offenses rose from 50,000 in 1980 to over 400,000 by 1997 ("A Brief History", 2019). This war set in motion mandatory minimum sentencing laws that made it difficult for offenders to get out of jail or prison for those drug charges. Theresa McIntyre Smith was one of those people. She became a flight attendant that exchanged boarding passes to in return get her and her daughters’ hair done by their hair dresser. Eventually, her hair dresser used her employment at the airline to help his drug distribution. Smith never had a record until she was sentenced to 10 years in prison for a suitcase she did not know had eleven kilograms of cocaine in it. Her hair dresser told her it was his niece’s clothing ("Theresa McIntyre Smith", 2019). These racial disparities persist because of all the damage that the War on Drugs has left behind. It was only 9 years ago that Congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act (FSA), which “reduced the sentencing disparity between offenses for crack and powder cocaine from 100:1 to 18:1” ("Fair Sentencing Act", 2019). It persists because now Congress and everyone who is fighting for a change in the criminal justice system has to figure out, what now? They have to figure out how to fix this mess and how people who are serving the same sentences as murderers, rapists, etc will get the chance to walk free. It persists because there are things we might never understand, like how hundreds of thousands of minorities ended up in jails and prisons for the color of their skin, rather than the crime they committed. It must be two paragraphs, and Whether you agree or disagree explain why with supporting evidence and concepts from the readings or a related experience. Include a reference, link, or citation (s). Be organized in your thoughts and ideas. Incorporate correlations with the assigned readings or topics. Stay on topic. Provide evidence of critical, college-level thinking and thoughtfulness in your responses or interactions. Avoid summarizing. Contribute to the learning community by being creative in your approaches to topics, being relevant in the presented viewpoints, and attempting to motivate the discussion. Be aware of grammar and sentence mechanics. Use proper etiquette. Remember that being respectful is critical.
This project has already been completed on Studybay
On Studybay you can order your academic assignment from one of our 45000 project experts. Hire your expert directly, without overpaying for agencies and affiliates!
Check the price for your project

See other similar orders

Studybay assignment progress timeline

Studybay is a freelance platform where you can order a Dicussion 5 week paper, written from scratch by professors and tutors.
15 June 2019
User created a project for Other
15 June 2019
15 experts responded
15 June 2019
User contacted expert Javascript
15 June 2019
User hired expert Javascript who offered a price of $40 for the project and has experience doing similar projects
16 June 2019
The expert completed the project Dicussion 5 week for 1 day, meeting the deadline
16 June 2019
User accepted the project right away and completed the payment
16 June 2019
User left a positive review

Other projects in this subject area

Random blog posts

Ebay and e commerce systems information technology essay
The progression of Internet made eBay possible. Companies can do business with everybody in any country of the world using Internet. It is becoming pervasive in each facet of our life and allows companies to provide its customers with benefits that traditional companies cannot offer. Among those benefits are better content, increased richness of information and high convenience. Before eBay came out there were no large size internet auctions. If people wanted to buy specific or traditional items that they had to spend a lot of time buying a supplier. Overall, the procedure of looking for needed goods needed lots of time and was very annoying. eBay is one of the pioneers in the electronic digital commerce market place industry. Its skills is within business-to business (B2B) investing online to commercial, group, or individuals.
Literature assessment on advertising and marketing essay
PHASE TWOLITERARY WORKS REVIEW2 . 1IntroAdvertising is definitely increasingly important in our modern life (Munusamy & Wong, 2007). It was because it can use to transmit some text to a great number of people easily (Al-Boloshi, 2010). Hence, many analysts have done their research regarding advertising. For example , there are many analysts test about the entertainment, informativeness, and credibility of mobile promoting (Haghirian & Madberger, june 2006; Chowdhury et al., 2010; Al-Boloshi, 2010). Nonetheless, the rapid development on internet has turned the usage of internet advertising frequently push upward (Yunos, Gao, & Shim, 2003). Hence, this has intensified the interest of researchers to do relevant studies about advertising.While many researchers have been dedicated to examining advertising, the essential of attitude to advertising has also been recognized. Attitude towards marketing is known as a essential concept..