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Lockean Philosophy in Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels

Jonathan Swift’s novel, Gulliver’s Travels, cannot be attributed to the traditional genre of the novel-utopia (or dystopia novel), although it contains features of both the first and second kinds of novels, as well as the satirical-didactic works of the 16th century.

The novel has a lot of threads associated with the philosophical ideas of John Locke: in fact, the entire island depiction in the novel sounds like a fictional restatement of Locke’s treatises on governance. The very theme of the island, which is out of contact with society, was used by Locke in his philosophical writings.

Educational ideas about the role of labor in the history of the human race and the formation of an individual person draw together Locke and Jonathan Swift.

Swift tests the rationalism of the Enlightenment with a laugh and where they saw an unlimited prospect for the development of the personality, he sees the possibilities of its degeneration. Other researchers saw in Swift’s book the signs of a heroic epic, revolutionary pathos, and rebelliousness. To see the utopia of the future in the state of the Houyhnhnms is just as wrong as to believe it to be a dystopia.

Swift is much more ambiguous, and in his novel, there are too many meanings, so that they can be reduced to something single. The genre of Gulliver’s Travels cannot be explained in a single definition. The novel contains the signs of several genre canons (fantasy, utopia, satire, adventure, philosophical parable, allegory, realistic description, political pamphlet, etc.) and at the same time it is a subtle parody of these genres.

In the form of travels, they look like a description of sea voyages, so they can be attributed to the documented memoirs of Gulliver the navigator, first a doctor, and then a captain, with the subtext and autobiographical reminiscences of Swift himself. This is a very personal book.

Swift’s pessimism, which reaches its apogee in the fourth part, is balanced to some extent with amusing episodes and adventures, especially dense in parts 1 and 2. The novel is divided into four parts, which describe the four journeys of Gulliver (the general hero of all parts of the book) and in which four fantastic countries are described. The four-deck ship, on which Gulliver goes on a voyage is like a symbol of a four-part journey. All these parts are framed and connected by sea voyages.

Jonathan Swift’s novel, Gulliver’s Travels, cannot be attributed to the traditional genre of the novel-utopia (or dystopia novel), although it contains features of both the first and second kinds of novels, as well as the satirical-didactic works of the 16th century.

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Assignment ID
100006133
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CREATED ON
1 October 2017
COMPLETED ON
2 October 2017
Price
$31
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Essay Example Comments
user819247
19 December 2018
user819247
the report was good.he failed to use all my tests therefore i had to work a lil bit aswell, but was 0 plagiarism and i appreciate the work.thank you
brandydraw85
14 December 2018
brandydraw85
great job
brandydraw85
7 December 2018
brandydraw85
Fantastic job!