The prison was founded in January 2002, when the first 20 people were brought there from Afghanistan, accused of participating in military operations on the side of Islamic extremists – the Taliban. Between 2002 and 2006, more than 750 foreigners captured by US troops during operations in Afghanistan and Iraq were in prison. All of them, according to the US military, participated in operations on the side of Al Qaeda or the Taliban. About 250 people during this time were released, transferred to other prisons, or given out to the countries of which they are citizens. In April, the Pentagon presented a list of 558 former and current Guantanamo prisoners from 41 countries. As of April 2006, there were 490 prisoners in the prison, of which only ten were formally charged. The majority are citizens of Saudi Arabia (132 people), Afghanistan (125), and Yemen (107).
On January 21, 2009, on the second day of his tenure, US President Barack Obama signed an order to disband the prison. The camp was to be closed within a year. Courts on the base were suspended for 120 days. However, the president’s decision was not fulfilled, the prison continues to function. It is considered the thorn in America’s side.
On January 5, 2010, about ten former Guantanamo detainees have rejoined Al-Qaida in Yemen. The natives of Yemen constitute the largest ethnic group among the remaining prisoners at Guantanamo (91 out of 198). Mountainous terrain, poverty, and non-recognition of the laws of tribal society bring Yemen and Afghanistan together and create the prospect of its transformation into a new hotbed of terrorism.
On December 8, 2010, the House of Representatives of Congress opposed the closure of the prison.
On January 8, 2011, Obama signed a law that provides for the prohibition of the use of US Department of Defense funds for the movement of prisoners in Guantanamo prison to the territory of America. In addition, the document prohibits the movement of prisoners of this prison to other countries, with the exception of a very limited number of cases. The new law calls into question the possibility of closing the prison in the near future.
In May 2012, the trial of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed began on Guantanamo Bay. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is considered by the United States the main organizer of the September 11, 2001 attacks, and four of his alleged accomplices were brought before a military court at Guantanamo Bay, where they were formally charged.
The prison was founded in January 2002, when the first 20 people were brought there from Afghanistan, accused of participating in military operations on the side of Islamic extremists – the Taliban. Between 2002 and 2006, more than 750 foreigners captured by US troops during operations in Afghanistan and Iraq were in prison.