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A Choice of Death – The Issue of Euthanasia

Euthanasia is the practice of stopping (or shortening) the life of a person or animal suffering from an incurable disease or unbearable suffering to satisfy a request of relief of suffering without medical indications in painless or minimally painful form with the aim.

There are two types of euthanasia. The active (positive) euthanasia is deliberate implementation of certain actions to accelerate the death of a desperately ill patient. The passive (negative) euthanasia is a deliberate cessation of measures to maintain and prolong life. Passive euthanasia is the inaction of doctors, the refusal to fight for the life of the patient.

The problem of euthanasia has been acute for many years. It caused numerous disputes among doctors, lawyers, sociologists, psychologists, etc. even in ancient times. For the ancient period, the issue of weak, crippled, sick, and elderly people in society was especially topical. Therefore, in some societies there was a custom to deprive the lives of such people who simply were not needed to this society because of their weakness and illness. It should be noted that the society in the ancient period did not treat life as the greatest value.

At the end of the 18th century, countries began to officially recognize the right to life for a person. However, the right to die remained unresolved. For the first time, the term euthanasia was used by the English philosopher Francis Bacon. In his work, Bacon says that the doctor’s duty is not only to restore health, but also alleviate the suffering caused by the disease, when there is no hope of salvation, and euthanasia itself is happiness.

The world federation of euthanasia societies, which includes 23 organizations from 38 countries around the world, holds conferences every two years, which call on the world’s doctors to give people the right to die. The first conference was held in Tokyo in 1976.

The idea of euthanasia at the end of the 20th century became more and more popular. There are both supporters and opponents of this idea.

In the Netherlands, the issue of legalizing the killing of hopelessly ill patients began to be considered in the 1970s. In 1993, there was issued a special list of 12 mandatory items, which was the basis for the law on euthanasia. On April 1, 2002, the law officially entered into force and, thus, the Netherlands became the first country in the world to legally fix the right to euthanasia for patients who are mortally sick.

Euthanasia is the practice of stopping (or shortening) the life of a person or animal suffering from an incurable disease or unbearable suffering to satisfy a request of relief of suffering without medical indications in painless or minimally painful form with the aim.

There are two types of euthanasia.

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Assignment ID
100005270
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CREATED ON
28 June 2017
COMPLETED ON
1 July 2017
Price
$31
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