The history of Russia begins with ancient times, features of life of the ancient Slavs, the formation and development of the Old Russian state. In the 12th – 13th centuries, in Rus was a time of fragmentation, a disintegration of Rus into principalities, as well as the struggle between princely dynasties for Kiev. The adoption of Christianity was very important. In the 13th century, the country was invaded by foreigners, including the yoke of the Golden Horde.
In the second half of the 15th – beginning of the 16th centuries, the formation of the centralized state is taking place, although the economic prerequisites for this have not been formed to the end. The reign of Ivan IV was a crucial period in the country. Then many reforms were undertaken, which were held by the elected Rada. Russia suffered setbacks in the Livonian War, Ivan IV also initiated serfdom by abolishing Yuryev’s day. The period of the reign of the king led to the Time of Troubles, when there was ambiguous power. Boris Godunov died and False Dmitry I took the throne, having gained the support of Poles and Cossacks and invaded Moscow with their help.
In 1613, Zemsky Sobor chose the tsar Mikhail Romanov. The reign was highlighted by uprisings, including the Salt riot and the Copper Riot. In addition, the specialization and the emergence of manufactories began in the country, the development of Siberia begins. In the 1670s, the war began under the leadership of Stepan Razin, which was not crowned with success for the peasants. The further period in the history belongs to the reign of Peter I, who carried out numerous reforms. He also laid the development of cultural life in the country in the 18th century.
After the death of Peter I, revolutions took place, as a result of which the role of the nobility increased. In 1756, under the rule of Elizabeth, the state entered the Seven Years’ War, giving support to Austria and France. The reign of Catherine II is considered the golden century of the nobility, its increased role in the country has resulted in discontent among the people and many uprisings.
Alexander I also carried out numerous reforms, but the peasant issue was never solved. That was the time of a conflict with France and the Patriotic War of 1812. Nicholas I carried out numerous reforms and attempted to reduce the power of the nobility, but restrained the unrest in the people.
An industrial revolution, the abolition of serfdom, and other liberal reforms happened in the 19th century.
The history of Russia begins with ancient times, features of life of the ancient Slavs, the formation and development of the Old Russian state. In the 12th – 13th centuries, in Rus was a time of fragmentation, a disintegration of Rus into principalities, as well as the struggle between princely dynasties for Kiev. The adoption of Christianity was very important.