The long forty-five-year reign of Elizabeth falls on the period of the special economic revival of England. The formation of numerous trading companies for trade with other countries, including with India and America, the beginning of English overseas colonization, the rapid growth of the English merchant fleet, the development of cloth manufactory, the growing spread of capitalist farming – all these phenomena constitute the most striking features of the so-called Elizabethan age.
Restoring Protestantism, Elizabeth met the interests of the new nobility and the bourgeoisie, firmly securing the rights of the owners of the former monastic lands.
As with Henry VIII, the parliament provided the Queen with all possible assistance in its struggle against feudal and Catholic groups. Pretender to the English crown, the Scottish Queen Mary Stewart with the support of Elizabeth’s agents was expelled from Scotland. Having fled to England, Maria Stuart was taken prisoner to Elizabeth. After years of imprisonment, she was executed in 1587. The execution of Mary Stuart was a serious defeat of the Catholic reaction in Europe. Pope Sixtus V called Catholics for the war with England.
Social structure is expressions of status in society thought to be established by God himself. Elizabethan social structure consisted of six social classes: nobility, merchants, monarch, gentry, laborers, and yeomanry.
Elizabeth was generally an experienced ruler, she used old experience of Tudor in politics. She was on the side of Peerages and lords. This was seen in the large payments from the royal treasury, debt cheating, land premium, and distribution of positions. Elizabeth tried to ensure that the bourgeoisie and nobility supported her too. This was manifested in her vision.
Queen improved policy of maneuvering between nobles and bourgeois strata. This policy was common in Tudor.
During the reign of Elizabeth, new crafts were actively developing, including glass manufacturing, paper making, cotton fabrics, and so on. The Queen showed the initiative to establish mutual societies that have contributed to change in the mining and metallurgy of Kingdom of England.
The long forty-five-year reign of Elizabeth falls on the period of the special economic revival of England.