Democracy in Japan in 20s is also known as Taisho democracy. Basically, it was a time of idealism for both working and bourgeoisie classes in this country. This period starts from Hibiya Riot and ends after Mukden Incident. There are many qualified historians who debate if this period was a failure of a success for Japan in its critical expansion years. Most of them claim that Taisho democracy failed to be really efficient in solving all kinds of problems that existed at that time. It also gave a wat to the state militaristic movement.
Right after the period that preceded the Showa Restoration, democracy in Japan set its foot and promised transforming the image of this nation into a country ruled by full-fledged democracy. However, there was a huge abyss that needed to be filled as a result of Taisho democracy. Think about a few important circumstances that shattered the democratic hopes of this country considerably. They include the shunning of immigrants to western developed countries, the downturn in international economy, and the independence of the military.
When it comes to the downturn in the international economy, it brought Japanese economy into a disaster. The negative effects of WWI allowed its incredible industrial growth. When the war ended, Japan needed to compete with other nations for its economic dominance, and it turned out to be painful. The leadership wasn’t used to obstacles, so it was slow to pass the necessary laws and solve existing problems.
Another significant factor that also contributed to a failure of Taisho democracy is the act passed by America in 1924. It excluded Japanese immigrants and affects its attitude because Japan was seen as inferior. This view only strengthened when Europe and Japan didn’t want to surrender their position in Asia. Japanese laws were not used to compromising in such situations, so they proved to be weak and frivolous. The state military had a conception that the war with the west was something inevitable, so any compromise was only a waste of effort and time.
The independent military in Japan is a major factor that made the efforts of Taisho democracy fail. The depression in 1929 favored all kinds of limitary movements, so government politicians were brutally accused for a failure and called to change a state policy. As economy worsened, people’s desire for the second restoration became more popular.
Democracy in Japan in 20s is also known as Taisho democracy. Basically, it was a time of idealism for both working and bourgeoisie classes in this country. This period starts from Hibiya Riot and ends after Mukden Incident. There are many qualified historians who debate if this period was a failure of a success for Japan in its critical expansion years.