The Lord of the Rings is a novel-epic of the English writer J. R. R. Tolkien, one of the most famous works of the genre of fantasy. The Lord of the Rings was written as a single book but because of the volume, at the first edition it was divided into 3 parts – The Brotherhood of the Ring, Two Fortresses, and The Return of the King. In the form of a trilogy, it is published to this day, although often in a single volume.
The Lord of the Rings is one of the most famous and popular books of the 20th century. It is translated into at least 38 languages. This book has had a huge impact on literature in the genre of fantasy, desktop and computer games, cinema, and in general world culture. Great success was enjoyed by the screen version of the book created by director Peter Jackson.
Initially, Tolkien was not going to write a sequel to the Hobbit. However, on November 15, 1937, at dinner with Stanley Anwin, owner of the Allen & Unwin publishing house, who first published the Hobbit, Tolkien received a proposal to submit other works for consideration. The reviewer of the publishing house rejected the sent Silmarillion, although he responded positively. Encouraged by this, Tolkien began to write a sequel to The Hobbit and on December 16, 1937, in a letter to the publisher, reported that the first chapter of the new book was ready.
Tolkien’s goal was to create an English epic. He was an Oxford philologist well acquainted with the medieval myths of Northern Europe and medieval English texts. The Lord of the Rings was inspired by other literary sources as well. According to Tolkien, the Anglo-Saxons were sorely lacking an epic of similar proportions.
In December 1937, Tolkien began a new Hobbit. After several unsuccessful attempts, the story began to gain momentum, from the simple continuation of the Hobbit becoming more like a continuation of the unpublished Silmarillion. The idea of the first chapter arose immediately in ready form, although the reasons for the disappearance of Bilbo, the idea of the importance of the Ring of Power, and the title of the novel became clear only by the spring of 1938.
Being a perfectionist, Tolkien wrote slowly. His literary work was often interrupted by academic duties. For most of 1943, Tolkien did not work on the text, but continued his work in April 1944. The chapters from the novel Tolkien sent to his son Christopher, who served in Africa in the British Air Force, and Clive Lewis. In 1948 the story was completed, but until 1949 the editing of the early parts of The Lord of the Rings continued.
The Lord of the Rings is a novel-epic of the English writer J. R. R. Tolkien, one of the most famous works of the genre of fantasy. The Lord of the Rings was written as a single book but because of the volume, at the first edition it was divided into 3 parts – The Brotherhood of the Ring, Two Fortresses, and The Return of the King.