The history of the first car began in 1768 together with the creation of steam-powered vehicles capable of transporting people. In 1806, the first machines appeared, powered by internal combustion engines, combustible gas, which led to the appearance in 1885 of the gasoline or gasoline internal combustion engine widely used today. Machines working on electricity briefly appeared at the beginning of the 20th century but almost completely disappeared from the field of vision until the beginning of the 21st century when the interest in low-toxic and environmentally friendly transport again arose. Essentially, the car’s early history can be divided into stages that differ in the predominant way of self-propelled movement. The later stages were determined by trends in the size and style of the appearance, as well as preferences in the intended use.
Ferdinand Verbiest, a member of the Jesuit community in China, built the first car on steam by circa 1672 as a toy for the Chinese emperor. The car was small and could not carry a driver or a passenger but perhaps it was the first working steam transport.
It is believed that steam-powered self-propelled machines were developed at the end of the 18th century. In 1770, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot presented his experimental prime mover with a steam drive fardier a vapeur (steam cart). The design of Cugnot proved impractical and did not develop in his native France. Then the center of innovation was moved to the UK. By 1784, William Murdoch built a working model of a steam car, and in 1801, Richard Trevithick traveled on a full-size car along the roads of Camborne. In the following decades, such cars were in trend and later the hand brake, multistage transmission, and improved steering were developed. Some were commercially successful in providing public transport, until the public resistance led to the adoption in 1865 of the law, which required a man walking on public roads in Britain in front the vehicles waving a red flag and blowing into the signal tune. This decisively suppressed the development of road transport virtually throughout the rest of the 19th century.
In 1789, Oliver Evans was granted the first patent for an automobile in the United States. Evans demonstrated his first successful self-propelled machine, which was not only the first car in the US, but also the first amphibian car, as it was able to travel on wheels over the ground and with blades on the water.
The history of the first car began in 1768 together with the creation of steam-powered vehicles capable of transporting people. In 1806, the first machines appeared, powered by internal combustion engines, combustible gas, which led to the appearance in 1885 of the gasoline or gasoline internal combustion engine widely used today.