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Process and Problems of Cloning

The term of cloning means a way of getting a few identical organisms using asexual (like vegetative) reproduction. In this way, many species of plants and animals have been multiplying in nature over millions of years.

However, today the term cloning is usually used in a narrower sense and means copying cells, genes, antibodies, and even multicellular organisms in the laboratory. By the result of asexual reproduction, the specimens are genetically the same but they can also observe hereditary variability caused by random mutations or created artificially by laboratory methods.

With the development of science, such concepts as genetic engineering and cloning appeared in everyday life. At first it was an exciting journey, where a person could fantasize and come up with opportunities that would open this direction of science. This includes the healing of all diseases and the change of plant and animal world. In recent years, when successes in this field have become evident, the first results have appeared and people suddenly began to think that not everything is so simple and beautiful in this phenomenon. Accurate information about the latest achievements in cloning is carefully classified, so creeping rumors nourish people. There are myths about cloned and genetically modified animals, as well as fictions about artificially modified plants.

A lot of money is invested in the use of these technologies for animals. In the United States, more than 100 licenses have been issued for the use of genetic engineering products for animals. Basically, it is bio drugs, vaccines, as well as diagnostic tools. In this area, money is constantly invested. More than $400 million is spent annually on research. In general, around 18 billion dollars are spent every year on treating animals and maintaining their health, almost 3 billion of them are biotechnology products.

The first samples were obtained quite recently – the first clone animal, the Dolly lamb in 1997, and the first living creatures in which the extraneous gene was introduced in 2004. They were decorative fish, which absorbed the sea anemone gene and were able to fluoresce with red light. Technologies and opportunities are developing so rapidly that organizations engaged in this business are getting commercial orders with might and main. Large companies engaged in biotechnology successfully cloned hundreds of cattle but so far neither their meat nor milk is on the market. In general, rats, horses, rabbits, and pigs have already been successfully cloned in laboratories.

The term of cloning means a way of getting a few identical organisms using asexual (like vegetative) reproduction. In this way, many species of plants and animals have been multiplying in nature over millions of years.

However, today the term cloning is usually used in a narrower sense and means copying cells, genes, antibodies, and even multicellular organisms in the laboratory.

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Assignment ID
100004663
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CREATED ON
25 April 2017
COMPLETED ON
28 April 2017
Price
$49
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Essay Example Comments
shalanga
16 July 2018
shalanga
Great work
shalanga
11 July 2018
shalanga
Great work!
shalanga
10 July 2018
shalanga
Excellent work