Memory is one of the most important mental processes in a person's life. Without the mechanisms of memory, our thinking would be extremely limited, mental development would become impossible, the ability to comprehend a foreign language, particularly English, could be completely forgotten. It is for this reason that in working with foreign languages, we turn with special attention to psychological theories associated with the phenomenon of memory.
Each of us is accustomed to believe our memories, but how reliable is our memory? It is unlikely that there will be a person who can boast of having never forgotten anything important. Some events or facts have repeatedly eluded each other's memory. But it turns out that our brain can not only erase memories, but also design new ones. Simply put, sometimes we remember what was not. Elizabeth Loftus, an American psychologist, came to this conclusion in her studies.
During the research, E. Loftus and her colleagues questioned a group of people about the unpleasant incidents that happened to them in their childhood. At the same time, the researchers already had all the necessary information obtained from the parents of the subjects. With the help of leading questions, E. Loftus managed to convince a quarter of the experimental group that the subjects were once lost in the shopping center, although this never happened to them. The subjects recalled the details of the event and in details restored the picture... of the unheard.
E. Loftus suggests that in the process of remembering, a person not only reconstructs some event of the past, but also carries out its processing in accordance with the newly acquired experience. Over time, our memories change, they can wedge in later events of our lives, stories of other people and even episodes of books or films. False memories are perceived in the same way as true memories. For a person they are just as convincing and sincere. A frequent substitution of memories is characteristic of 30% of people.
The conclusions obtained during the described experiments lead us to the idea that our memory is a very fragile mechanism. It turns out that people's memories can be controlled. For this it is necessary in a certain sequence to ask certain questions about the event of interest to us. Knowing the vulnerability of memory, we can correctly train it, which, no doubt will help not only to build fictitious memories, but also to learn quickly.
Memory is one of the most important mental processes in a person's life. Without the mechanisms of memory, our thinking would be extremely limited, mental development would become impossible, the ability to comprehend a foreign language, particularly English, could be completely forgotten.