Being started in 1760 and ended in 1800, the American Revolution was not only a war of the weapons; it was also the war of the words. Along with the guns and swords, the war was fought with the speeches, documents, and pamphlets in order for inspiring and justifying the long awaited battle. Such intellectuals as Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, and Patrick Henry became the most important figures of the American Revolution because of their literary accomplishments. The speech of Patrick Henry in the Virginian Convention convinced the House of Burgesses that the war was inevitable. Thomas Paine reached the common people through the Crisis and sparked an inspiration for the war. Thomas Jefferson justified and announced the American Revolution through the Declaration of Independence. By appealing to the emotions of the different audiences of Revolution, these three men made essential contributions to the war using the documents and speeches as the most powerful weapons.
As for Patrick Henry, he made a profound speech to the Virginian Convention as the Revolutionary War drew near. Henry’s main purpose in the speech was to convince the existed convention that this war was inevitable. Henry challenged their beliefs and evoked some emotions thought the argument. In the beginning of the speech, Patrick Henry asked: “Are armies and fleets are really necessary to a work of the reconciliation and love?”. This question seemed to be rhetorical and it asked if Britain was building up its navies and armies for the sake of peace. Of course, Patrick knew the opposite was true. The British soldiers were preparing for the war with the colonies and it was the intention of Henry to convince the convention that the war had already begun. Patrick Henry also used the repetition when he used to ask ‘will we try the argument?’ or ‘will we resort to humble and entreaty the supplications?’. With the help of such method as repetition, Patrick convinced the convention that the United States have already tried the negotiating with Britain over the injustice and suggested that nothing else can be done for preventing the war. Henry’s purpose to have such writings became apparent toward the end of his great speech in Virginia when he said that citizens of the States must fight and ‘the war is begun’. Of course, it explains why the American Revolution was not just the simple war, but the war of the words.
Being started in 1760 and ended in 1800, the American Revolution was not only a war of the weapons; it was also the war of the words. Along with the guns and swords, the war was fought with the speeches, documents, and pamphlets in order for inspiring and justifying the long awaited battle.