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American Labor Movement Description

At this time, the United States is the most industrialized country. At the end of the 19th century, they came to the forefront of industrial production and this could not but affect the work of the movement. Until the 1980s, the US labor movement was extremely weak. And it was explained by several reasons:

  • A lot of free land in the west.
  • The USA is a country of emigrants, a large influx of people. Among the workers there was no unity.
  • The highest wages for workers were in America.

However, in the 80 years the situation changed. All the lands in the west were already occupied, and the outflow of the population to the west ceased, but the influx of emigrants from Europe to the East increased even more in large cities, the labor movement began to grow. Along with this, in the 1980s, there was a small economic decline, unemployment increased, wages stopped growing, and in some industries even declined. The American worker continued to live well in comparison with the European, but discontent arose in the society. All this led to the appearance of a fairly strong labor movement. Socialists and Marxist groups are emerging. The main argument of the American worker entering the labor movement was a 10-hour working day, and they wanted to change it to an 8-hour day.

On May 1, 1886, workers in Chicago started a general strike for an 8-hour day and a salary increase. The strike was well organized. On May 3rd, during a big rally, a bomb was dropped from the crowd of workers by policemen. Several policemen were wounded, the police opened fire, killed 6 workers. Thus, a peaceful and well-organized movement led to bloodshed. It was advantageous for the American authorities to stop the labor movement in the United States and therefore they "seized" this "thread" and arrested strike leaders who had nothing to do with this provocation. While there was a trial of the leaders of the strike, in many cities there was a wave of protest against the court, in support of the workers of Chicago. The court found the leaders guilty.

During the struggle, the American working class was able to create a fairly powerful union, which was called the American Federation of Labor. This federation included millions of workers. She denied the political struggle. They acted only within the framework of the law and set only economic goals:

  • 8-hour working day.
  • Increase in salary
  • Introduction of minimum wage.
  • Disability benefits, unemployment.
  • Improvement of working conditions.

At this time, the United States is the most industrialized country. At the end of the 19th century, they came to the forefront of industrial production and this could not but affect the work of the movement. Until the 1980s, the US labor movement was extremely weak. And it was explained by several reasons:

  • A lot of free land in the west.
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Assignment ID
100004558
Discipline
Type
CREATED ON
15 April 2017
COMPLETED ON
17 April 2017
Price
$17
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Essay Example Comments
user453316
23 September 2018
user453316
thanks
3amigo
22 September 2018
3amigo
Superb work, up to your expectations
jcwiggins30
18 September 2018
jcwiggins30
Great work thank you.