American Frederick Taylor is considered the ancestor of management science. He introduced a planned bureau, new methods of work, effective methods of cutting metal, instruction cards for workers, and much more. Taylor developed his concept, which was later called "the concept of an economic man." He also discovered the phenomenon of group pressure and experimentally proved that working in a team forces the foremost people to drop to the level of middle peasants, and the middle peasants to a level that is lagging behind in productivity. He believed that fear of punishment hinders work well for a man: it costs the worker to overstate the rate, as the administration will soon lower the prices and force.
The theory of Taylor provided for the unilateral influence of the management system on the worker and his unquestioning obedience to the manager. This was also facilitated by the fact that the worker received a detailed description of the process of labor, which he could not break. The history of scientific management did not take into account the motives of the behavior of social groups and the psychology of the worker.
He regarded the worker as an automatic executor of the labor actions prescribed by the instruction. F. Taylor considered the main driving impulses to be the expectation and receipt of material remuneration for work, interest in personal economic gain.
Management Taylor understood as the most complex art and exact science at the same time. Calculation and intuition is the key to success. F. Taylor developed two concepts - "reaching the worker" and "reaching the leader."
According to the concept of "reaching the worker" a person should be entrusted with a task that would require maximum effort, but not harm to health. After he mastered a simple lesson, he should be entrusted with a more complex task. In this way a person gradually reaches the ceiling of his creative abilities.
According to the concept of "reaching the leader" of one master, who answered in the shop for everything, was replaced by a "functional administration" consisting of highly specialized instructors. If earlier the worker cared about everything himself, now the administration in advance promised to provide it with documentation, raw materials and tools. The ideas and experiments of F. Taylor had a revolutionary impact on the entire management science, and the introduction of his theory changed the culture of labor.
American Frederick Taylor is considered the ancestor of management science. He introduced a planned bureau, new methods of work, effective methods of cutting metal, instruction cards for workers, and much more. Taylor developed his concept, which was later called "the concept of an economic man.