One cannot do without coercion of cultural work, nor can the rule of the minority over the masses be handled, because the masses are short-sighted, they do not like to give up drives and do not want to listen to arguments in favor of such a refusal, and individual representatives of the masses encourage each other Permissiveness and debauchery. Only thanks to the influence of exemplary individuals recognized as leaders, they allow themselves to be tied to the intense inner work of self-denial, on which the development of culture depends. All this is good, if the leaders become individuals with an uncommon understanding of this vital necessity, who managed to achieve dominance over their own drives. But for them there is a danger that, not wanting to lose their influence, they will start to give in to the mass more than they do, and therefore it seems to us necessary that they be independent of authority as agents of the means of power.
People have two common properties responsible for the fact that the institution of culture can be supported only to a certain extent by violence, namely, people do not have a spontaneous love for work and reason's arguments are powerless against their passions.
The cultural reflections of Freud inevitably brought him to the problem of religion and turned out to be closely intertwined with the solution of this problem. When considering cultural prohibitions, Freud could not fail to pay attention to their relationship with religious ideas; especially theologians attributed the ancient norms governing human life. It has long been believed that the whole human culture is built on a religious basis. This leads to the conclusion that with the fall of religion, culture also degrades. The appearance of religion Freud considers this: a man is weak, and in order to survive, he must give up much. A person must enter a community that, as a result of his development, imposes bans on his desires. As we have already mentioned, in order to survive, a person must abandon many attractions. We need someone who can reward a person for his sacrifice with his desires, protect him from manifestations of nature and from encroachments on him by other individuals of society.
The question arises: who will perform all these functions? In their early childhood, everyone noticed the influence of the father in the family. He had power, established his own order and defended his family. The same function is performed by God.
One cannot do without coercion of cultural work, nor can the rule of the minority over the masses be handled, because the masses are short-sighted, they do not like to give up drives and do not want to listen to arguments in favor of such a refusal, and individual representatives of the masses encourage each other Permissiveness and debauchery.