There is the one idea which has fascinated the humans throughout the centuries. It is said about the quest to find out who we are. It is also important to know where we came from and where we will be after death. Some famous philosophers have devoted whole their lives for developing the theories. And yet the closets theory which has come to success has been not to have these theories disproved. Taking into account this information that no theory has been proved to the fact, we can’t answer ‘I don’t know’ to one of the oldest questions of the civilizations. But there are still lots of questions and sometimes we really have no truthful answer but have just the suggestions and different points of view, but not the certain knowledge.
It is a well-known situation that we have no answers to some questions like previous one and this idea of the absence of the answer leads to the theory of Skepticism. Such theory maintains that we should have doubts about every single one of the empirical beliefs, as they are like our material body, made from our perceptions. We have doubts because they are seen through the lens of the own prejudices which we have. For example, as our dreams seem real or our sense can deceive use, our experiences can also deceive us. But in any case, we can’t be absolutely sure and say that anything is true, so it means that we still live in the unknown and haven’t enough information and knowledge.
However, the fear of something unknown is contrary to skepticism. Both philosophers and scientists were motivated by the desire to define and understand the world and make an order out of chaos as well as the refusal to accept “I don’t know” as the answer to some really important questions. Among these men Rene Descartes was. He also feared to be skeptical in this external world.
Rene Descartes had a desire to disprove the theory of skepticism. Firstly for this he developed two premises for the theory of skepticism and only then he rejected it by disproving one of these premises. The first one is that of Naïve Empiricism. As for this premise, it states that all knowledge rest on our perception and all our experience and that is why all the knowledge is true. The second premise is considered to be the method of Doubt. Rene Descartes claimed the knowledge as something that is indubitable. It explained that for each body of the evidence there is the only one conclusion that can be reached.
There is the one idea which has fascinated the humans throughout the centuries. It is said about the quest to find out who we are. It is also important to know where we came from and where we will be after death. Some famous philosophers have devoted whole their lives for developing the theories.