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The Early Diagnosis of Bronchitis

Experts recommend that every adult smoker who complains of cough every day, be screened for COPD. In one study, nearly half of patients over 60 years old who smoke regularly have been diagnosed with COPD. All those who have a chronic cough, increased sputum or shortness of breath, worsening over time should be checked for the presence of disease.

Physical examination begins with the appearance of the patient. Usually, the appearance does not change in people with mild to moderate COPD.

In COPD patients with emphysema may experience severe thinness in the normal skin color. Chronic bronchitis can be observed with bluish color of the lips and fingers, overweight body, swelling in the legs. Breathing may be rapid and shallow, occurring through pursed lips while exhaling may be more protracted. The patient will be asked to cough and get rid of mucus, if possible.

The doctor will perform a simple examination of the chest with a stethoscope for listening. The nature sounds doctor can judge the pathological processes in the respiratory organs and their localization.

The best test for the diagnosis of COPD and evaluating the effectiveness of treatment is pulmonary function tests - spirometry. It measures the volume and speed characteristics of breath, is a way of estimating the pulmonary functions. It measures the degree of airway obstruction, is able to detect the early stages of COPD. This is a simple and effective method to help health professionals diagnose COPD on the timing of when it is most treatable.

The doctor may prescribe a test to determine the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the arterial blood. Low levels of oxygen and high - carbon dioxide often point to chronic bronchitis, but these figures are not always signs of emphysema. Analysis of blood gases, showing very low levels of oxygen, is used to determine which patients will be effective in oxygen therapy. This procedure usually involves sampling the blood from the artery at the wrist.

It can detect tumors in the lungs, tuberculosis and some other diseases. However, it is of little informative for early COPD. Clear signs of COPD on x-ray include the following:

• abnormally large amount of air in the lungs;

• flattened diaphragm;

• large amount of air in the lower part of the lung.

X-rays are rarely useful for the diagnosis of chronic bronchitis, but computed tomography scan can accurately assess the severity of COPD and can be used to determine the size of the air pockets in the lungs.

Experts recommend that every adult smoker who complains of cough every day, be screened for COPD. In one study, nearly half of patients over 60 years old who smoke regularly have been diagnosed with COPD. All those who have a chronic cough, increased sputum or shortness of breath, worsening over time should be checked for the presence of disease.

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Assignment ID
100003664
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CREATED ON
14 January 2017
COMPLETED ON
17 January 2017
Price
$49
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Essay Example Comments
Galeno
17 January 2019
Galeno
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s1029
14 January 2019
s1029
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KiloEchoAlpha
14 January 2019
KiloEchoAlpha
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