First of all, it is necessary to find out about what these bacteria are. These are organisms that causes anthrax. This name came from the Greek word for coal, because of its ability to cause cola-like cutaneous eschars. The bacteria anthracis are very large, spore forming, Gram-positive rod, which is 1-1.2µm in width and 3-5µm in length. It can be cultivated in ordinary nutrient medium under aerobic or anaerobic conditions. This Bacillus Anthracis became the first case, when the bacteria were identified as a cause of a disease. 1877 became a year, when the scientist Robert Koch could grow this organism in pure culture and demonstrate its ability to create endospores. He also could produce experimental anthrax by injecting the bacteria into animals.
The bacteria create spores or, in other words, latent versions that are protected by a hard shell. It can survive in soil for many years. The disease, caused by the bacteria, usually appear in such animals as pigs, horses, cows and goats, but it also can cause an illness in human beings. Infection of people can occur by a contact of latent versions with some cut or scratched skin parts, which is called cutaneous anthrax, by inhalation of these bacteria spores, which is called just anthrax and by ingestion of meat that contain spores, which is called intestinal anthrax. According to scientist, anthrax can be spread through the air or some object, which has the bacteria. However, it is necessary to know that it can’t be spread from one person to another, which means that it is not contagious.
It is necessary to know the major symptoms of it. The first symptoms of this disease appear two-six days after infection, but actually, may not be visible until six weeks or even more. Symptoms of intestinal anthrax appear one-seven days after infection. The first symptoms of inhaled anthrax may resemble the flu and infected person can have fever, malaise, sore chest, dry cough and fatigue. If the disease is not treated properly, the situation can become worse and it even can cause such disease as pneumonia. Luckily, early treatment of this illness reduces the risks of mortality. Cutaneous anthrax is much less harmful and dangerous than anthrax. It looks like a spider bite and it appears on the skin. An infected person feels only mildly ill. Early treatment is almost always successful. The symptoms of intestinal anthrax are: abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea.
First of all, it is necessary to find out about what these bacteria are. These are organisms that causes anthrax. This name came from the Greek word for coal, because of its ability to cause cola-like cutaneous eschars. The bacteria anthracis are very large, spore forming, Gram-positive rod, which is 1-1.2µm in width and 3-5µm in length.