The Holocaust in the narrow sense is the persecution and extermination of the Jews who lived in Germany, on the territory of its allies and the occupied territories during the Second World War; systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during 1933-1945. Along with the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire, it is one of the most famous examples of genocide in the 20th century.
In a broad sense, the Holocaust is the persecution and mass extermination of different ethnic and social groups by the Nazis (Soviet prisoners of war, Poles, Jews, Roma, homosexual men, masons, hopelessly sick and disabled, etc.) during the period of Nazi Germany.
About three million Jews – half of all the victims of the Holocaust – were citizens of the USSR. It is on the territory of this country the heinous practice of the Nazi genocide has found its first mass application. People were killed without gas chambers and crematoria and not in the death camps, almost without concealing their crimes from local residents, not sparing children of mixed marriages. Tens of thousands of Nazis and their collaborators participated in this unprecedented murder.
In most, the Germans tried to exterminate all Jews, regardless of age and gender, as a consequence about 60% of all Jewish representatives were killed in Europe – it is almost a third of the Jewish population in the world. In Germany, it was called the cleansing of the world and was considered quite normal and dignified.
Other nations were not excluded either – nearly a third of only Roma representatives was destroyed, there was a mass burning of Poles, which accounted for almost 10% of the entire population, not counting strives of Lithuanians and Ukrainians, who considered themselves faithful followers of collaboration.
Many of the Soviet prisoners who lived to the end of the war told of numerous abuse and torture, but most still could not see the glow of victory – almost 3 million of Soviet soldiers were killed by the Nazis in concentration camps. Those who could not move, simply carry out orders and understand everything that happens were also killed along with nine thousand gay men.
In order to carry out mass destruction there were numerous methods. Also there were separate lists for future victims and the building of death camps.
Mass genocide lasted until the very end – only with the transition of the military theater on the German territory and complete surrender in May the extermination of all the unwanted people stopped and saved people could go free.
The Holocaust in the narrow sense is the persecution and extermination of the Jews who lived in Germany, on the territory of its allies and the occupied territories during the Second World War; systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during 1933-1945.