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Charming Hungarian Peasant and Folk Music
Hungarian peasant and folk music is really amazing and magical. It is wonderful that Hungarian folk music maintained its structure, but of course, there were some changes in it during the centuries. So peasant music is an old Hungarian folk music that can be named the true Hungarian folk music. It has nothing common with popular art music and gypsy music. Peasant music is a really important part of folk culture conveyed through oral tradition for centuries. Its origin is difficultto find because it is lost in antiquity. Kodály and Bartók both agreed that peasant music had two different structures: the old style and the new style. The old style is the oldest known Hungarian folk music. It originated in some regions of the Rumanian peasants. There were about 500 000 Hungarian speaking people. Most of them were illiterate, so all their songs were passed through mouth to mouth, not by writing. They lived in thorough seclusion. These poor people produce their own clothing and almost never leave their homeland. The old style songs are marriage songs, harvest, dirges match-making songs, and the children's game songs There were also songs associated with no special occasion to lyric or ballad texts. These old style songs have some main characteristics: 1) The descending melodic structure.2) The big proportion of “parlando” and “rubato” rhythm against tempo “giusto”.3) Intricate ornamentation.4) The pentatonic scale. It means that just five tones are used instead of the seven. The second and sixth tones ("a" and "e") are missing.The old style melodies are something unique and purely Hungarian because we know nothing similar in style to be found in any other place. Nowadays we know about three hundred basic old style tunes. During the last two centuries, Hungarian people have founded a new style of folk music that preserved the main features of the old style. The new style contains about 7000 different songs. The new style has saved the pentatonic scale in a lot of melodies. The Dorian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and major scales are also common. The"fifth construction" is common and the rhythm is free. For ornaments, there are only one or two notes as opposed to the old style's intricate ornamentation.There is also a third group that involves the material of songs that are a mixed style or with foreign influence. So Hungarian folk music is a real cultural heritage. These songs are absolutely unique and amazing.
Hungarian peasant and folk music is really amazing and magical. It is wonderful that Hungarian folk music maintained its structure, but of course, there were some changes in it during the centuries. So peasant music is an old Hungarian folk music that can be named the true Hungarian folk music. It has nothing common with popular art music and gypsy music.