Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a person. This term is usually used to refer to artificial human cloning, which is a reproduction of human cells and tissues. This does not apply to natural conception and birth of twins. The possibility of human cloning raises controversy. These ethical considerations have prompted several countries to pass the legislative process in regard to human cloning and its legality.
There is a variety of ethical positions on the possibility of cloning, especially human. Although many views are religious in origin, there are issues in terms of secular perspectives. The prospects of human cloning are theoretical, and therapeutic and reproductive technologies are not used on a commercial basis; animals are currently cloned in the laboratory and in the production of animal products.
Proponents support the development of therapeutic cloning in order to obtain whole organs and tissues to treat patients who otherwise could not obtain grafts to avoid the need to use immunosuppressive agents, and also to prevent the effects of aging. Thus cloning can be used in saving human life. Advocates of reproductive cloning believe that the parents, who may not otherwise have offspring, should have access to technology as well.
Opponents of cloning have concerns about underdeveloped technologies to consider it safe, the propensity to abuse (which leads to the generation of people for the procurement of organs and tissues), and concerns about how cloned people would integrate with families and society as a whole.
Religious groups were divided, some are opposed to this technology as a usurpation of God’s place, arguing that the embryos are used for the destruction of human life; others support the potential benefits of therapeutic cloning to save lives of people.
The problem of cloning is not only very difficult but also complicated by the fact that nobody does more research in this area. In fact for the last ten years, the science has not advanced in this area. Moreover, the farther away, the clearer it becomes that there is no genetic determination of the development, the fate of the cells is not encoded by the genome – it is a probability measure. Laws of formation during embryogenesis are no less important than genetic inheritance.
Thus, most scientists agree that attempts to create a human clone are dangerous and questionable from a moral point of view. It would be optimal to ban cloning, based on universal international treaty, and Germany and France made a proposal about this to the United Nations, but there is no universal act in this field.
Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a person. This term is usually used to refer to artificial human cloning, which is a reproduction of human cells and tissues. This does not apply to natural conception and birth of twins. The possibility of human cloning raises controversy.