The book “Wide Sargasso Sea”, written by Jean Rhys, presents the story of life of Antoinette Cosway. She is a girl from Creole. Antoinette is growing up on one of the plantations on Jamaica. After she had become older, she married with the descendant of rich and known British family. After the wedding she went with her husband to England, away from her native house where she lived, her house with amazing garden where were a lot of beautiful plants and “dead flowers” that were mixed with living fresh smell. She remembered the green light under the tall trees and magnificent orchids that could not be touched for some reason… In fact, Jean Rhys uses this description not just by accident. It is a symbol, a way to represent emotional state and mood of the heroine. The garden represents Antoinette mental condition. This symbol highlights the deference between her emotions in motherland and in England. This effect is made by the comparison of the Eden garden and the garden near Cosway’s house.
We can see than earlier the garden was full of energy and life, but now it is almost dead. There is nothing good, light left. It can be mentioned from the description given be the main character of the book. This garden symbolizes something that was very beautiful and great, but lost its charm and energy because of various reasons. Its beauty is lost and it is not eternal. The state of the garden reflects the mental condition of Antoinette. When she was a child she was happy, she has beautiful and happy life that was similar to the garden. But when the slaves were set free everything changed. They were not oppressed anymore, but now it were they who became cruel and the souks of colored people became like a dead garden. Ti makes the heroine suffer.
There is no accidental that Antoinette compared her garden with Eden Garden. This comparison represents the idea of humanity fall. As Adam and Eve, who lived in a magnificent and sacrificial place, we live in beautiful world/ garden full of life. They committed a crime and were made to leave this magic place. So do us. The humanity ruined their “Eden garden” by their actions and desires to be better than others. We made from our “garden” a dead place full of anger, envy, prejudices and pride.
The idea of conflict between different cultures is highlighted by the image of forest from heroine`s dreams. She saw a dark forest where her husband lost. This place symbolizes the fall of English society because of its prejudice towards other nationalities.
The book “Wide Sargasso Sea”, written by Jean Rhys, presents the story of life of Antoinette Cosway. She is a girl from Creole. Antoinette is growing up on one of the plantations on Jamaica. After she had become older, she married with the descendant of rich and known British family.