The term "white-collar crime" was first applied by Sutherland. It is referring to crimes resorted to by people from affluent sectors of society. This term combines many types of criminal activities including tax evasion, illegal transactions with the sale of property, fraudulent combination of securities and land, embezzlement and misappropriation of funds of others, the production of hazardous substances and trafficking, illegal poisoning the surrounding environment, as well as theft, in the truest sense of the word. Crime prevalence of "white collar" determines even more difficult than other types of crimes. Most of these offenses do not appear in the pages of the official statistics. Crime of "white-collars" is primarily associated with the use of their professional or social position to take part in criminal activities. The crimes of those in power, lies in the fact that the person, who exercising governmental authorities, use them for criminal purposes.
Although authorities tolerate relates to the criminal activity of the higher strata of the population more than the lower, the damage that caused by "white collar" crimes is huge. In the United States, this type of crime is investigated much better than in Great Britain. In America It has been estimated that the amount of money involved in the criminal treatment of "white collar", is forty times bigger than the amount of the more traditional crimes against property. In addition, some types of "white collar" crime affect the interests of much more people than lower-class’ crime.
Violent aspects of the "white-collar" crime fall into the eye less than in cases of murder or predatory attack, but they are no less real, and often much more serious in their consequences. For example, an intentional violation of drug preparation rules, environmental norms and safety regulations in the workplace may lead to injury or even death of many people. Deaths from accidents in the workplace far outnumber murders, although reliable statistics on industrial accidents are very difficult to obtain.
It is believed that about 40 per cent of work-related injuries in the United States are a direct consequence of the illegal working conditions.
Throughout human history we have repeatedly provided the horrific crime. For example the people of Africa was granted British legal guarantee that they will be able to preserve their land and way of life, which are then repeatedly ignored.
The term "white-collar crime" was first applied by Sutherland. It is referring to crimes resorted to by people from affluent sectors of society.