The Bill of Rights was the first amendments given to the Constitution of 1787; taken in 1789; entered into force in 1791. It provides for freedom of speech, press, assembly, religious confession, the separation of church and state, security of the person, etc. BILL OF RIGHTS is 1-10 Amendment to the US Constitution, which came into force on 15 December 1791, the main legal document, which guarantees personal freedom and political rights of US citizens. It put an end to the concept of the divine origin of the power of the king and government, characteristic of early medieval Europe and the era of absolutism. It is dating back to the British Magna Chart, legislation to limit the power of the king. The most important of human rights for the first time legally enshrined in the Habeas Corpus Act of the British Parliament on 27 May 1679. Other rights are enshrined after Revolution.
Since the beginning of the War of Independence American states have enacted laws to summarize these rules: Virginia Bill of Rights, 1776, bills of rights as part of the constitutions of Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and others, however, during the war the guarantee does not apply to opponents of independence. The US Constitution, which created a strong federal government, did not include a guarantee of individual rights from the tyranny of the federal government. J. Madison proposed to complement the Constitution. After Virginia ratified the Bill of Rights, it had acquired the force of law. Initially, it was considered only as a law that protects citizens from the federal government.
In 1866, the first time the 14th Amendment prohibited states to provide less right to blacks than whites. The Supreme Court reversed that decision in 1873, but in 1925 the court decision actually lost power. A special place in the Bill of Rights takes 1st amendment, which proclaims freedom of speech, press and assembly. Also important is the 4th Amendment, which guarantees the inviolability of the person and property, prohibiting searches and arrests without a warrant. 5th amendment introduces the jury. A special place is taken by the 9th amendment states that the law, which already enjoys the people, cannot be canceled. According to the 10th amendment, states' rights are inviolable.
Supporters of state sovereignty often relied by 10th Amendment. In 1941, the Supreme Court put an end to the dual interpretation of the Bill of Rights, ruling that states' rights are recognized only within the limits established by federal law.
The Bill of Rights was the first amendments given to the Constitution of 1787; taken in 1789; entered into force in 1791. It provides for freedom of speech, press, assembly, religious confession, the separation of church and state, security of the person, etc.