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The Assyrian History of the Mesopotamia

One of polynomials small-holdings of Northern Mesopotamia was Ashur. He paid tribute to the kingdom of Mitanni, the Kassite Babylonia, keeping, however, autonomy in its internal affairs. Territory of Ashur nome consisted of small settlements.

As time went on, and since the XIV century BC ruler became known as the king in Ashur documents. Since then, the Assyrian territory that extended to the west and to the east, then re-compressed to the size of the historical ancient Assyria - a narrow strip of land on the banks of the Tigris in its upper reaches. In the middle of the thirteenth century BC Assyrian army invaded even within the Hittite power.

The next period of prosperity of the Assyrian civilization reached in the beginning of XI century BC when TiglatpalasareІ. His Army made more than 30 trips to the West, seized northern Syria, Phoenicia and some provinces of Asia Minor.

The new, third stage of the Assyrian attack has accounted for IX-VII centuries BC. After two centuries of interruption, the former eventually decline powers and necessary defense against hordes of nomads from the south, north and east, the Assyrian kingdom once again established itself as a powerful empire. The first serious offensive it has taken to the south - to Babylon.

In the course of several successful campaigns Assyrian army routed the northern neighbors, after an exhausting and relentless struggle led to a state of submission Syria and Palestine, and finally, during the reign of Sargon II in 710 BC. It was finally conquered by Babylon. Sargon was crowned as the king of Babylonia.

However, the triumph of the Assyrian civilization did not last long. Uprising conquered peoples shook different areas of the empire - from southern Mesopotamia to Syria.

Finally, in 626 BC tribal leader from South Mesopotamia Chaldean Nabopolassar seized the royal throne in Babylon. As early as 615 BC Medes were at the walls of power of the capital - Nineveh. In the same year Nabopolassar besieged the ancient center of the country - Ashur. In 614 BC Assyria invaded again Medes and too rushed to Ashur. Nabopolassar immediately moved his troops to join up with them. Ashur fell before the arrival of the Babylonians, and it ruins the kings of the Medes and Babylonians made a covenant, fastened with dynastic marriage. In 612 BC Allied forces besieged Nineveh and took her just three months. In 610 BC remnants of the Assyrian army, reinforced by Egyptian reinforcements were defeated and driven back over the Euphrates.

One of polynomials small-holdings of Northern Mesopotamia was Ashur. He paid tribute to the kingdom of Mitanni, the Kassite Babylonia, keeping, however, autonomy in its internal affairs. Territory of Ashur nome consisted of small settlements.

As time went on, and since the XIV century BC ruler became known as the king in Ashur documents.

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100002931
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CREATED ON
November 8, 2016
COMPLETED ON
November 9, 2016
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$12
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