In the UK, it has renewed one of the most recently dispute in the European cultural history, which lasts for more than two centuries. It is the dispute about the so-called Elgin Marbles. It is a sculptural friezes that adorned the Parthenon in Athens and exported at the beginning of the XIX century in the UK by its ambassador Lord Elgin. At a televised debate in London famous actor Stephen Fry called for the return of stored fragments in the British Museum relief frieze Greece.
Discussion at the London Television took place with the participation of viewers. They actively vote, supporting or rejecting the arguments of the contending parties - Stephen Fry, calls for a return of Elgin Marbles to Greece, demanding its return, and MP Tristram Hunt, who believes that the Greek friezes should remain in the British Museum, where they will be able to see a lot more people than in Greece.
According to Hunt, Lord Elgin simply saved the marble friezes from further destruction. In addition, according to Hunt, the Elgin marbles returned may become a negative precedent, followed by a chain reaction of the requirements of other states competing for pieces of art that once belonged to them.
The dispute over the Elgin Marbles was included by the British Museum. The statement released by them is refuted the main argument presented by the Greek side that insists that Lord Elgin simply stole the marble friezes. The museum refers to the preserved documents proving that Lord Elgin absolutely legally bought marble from Turkish government in 1802, and even paid the fee. In 1816, the British Parliament committee before committing money to the British Museum for the purchase of the Elgin collection, carefully checked the legality of export of marble frieze from Athens, and came to the conclusion that the transaction was completely legal.
Western European museums were created mainly on the basis of world culture. During the times of the European empires of power moved the most valuable works of art from the countries subject to them in their own museums. European museums, and with a relatively recently there is also American, have helped to save the masterpieces of world culture. In these museums they are studied, restored and put on public display.
However, times have changed, many countries and colonies attended to their own culture and its past. Frankly, we must be impressed by this development. European museums for a long time were the owners of all these treasures, and they came to share the moment.
In the UK, it has renewed one of the most recently dispute in the European cultural history, which lasts for more than two centuries. It is the dispute about the so-called Elgin Marbles. It is a sculptural friezes that adorned the Parthenon in Athens and exported at the beginning of the XIX century in the UK by its ambassador Lord Elgin.