The Second Triumvirate in the history of the Rome is associated as a cooperation of three people in one authority. The Second Triumvirate existed in the span of 43 to 33 BC, it lasted actually for two five years periods until it was collapsed. The group of three consisted of Markus Aemilius Lepidus, Mark Antony and famous Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus. In contrast to the First Triumvirate this one was legal and official with outwhelming power given to the Triumvirate.
Octavianus was born in Rome in the Ox Head in 63 BC. At first his full name was Gaius Octavius Thurnius, however, later his name was changed to Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus since he was adopted by his uncle after the father’s death. Octavian took part in the Spanish Expedition and after Julius Caesar’s death in 44 BC he ruled the state till his death in 14 AD.
The Second triumvirate is also called the “triumviri rei publicae constituendae”, which means the board of three to reconstitute the state. It accepted the power equal to the power of a dictator and took several measures including the execution of 4,500 opponents, giving land bills to Caesars veterans and some measures against the Senate with the appointment of all magistrates. After these actions the great Cicero (Roman politician, philosopher, orator, lawyer, consul, political theorist and constitutionalist) was killed. Such policy was unacceptable for the son of Pompey the Great, Sextus and he organized a resistance. Octavianus and Lepidus defeated him, however, Octavianus didn’t miss a chance to use the circumstances and proceeded to strip Lepidus of his powers.
The Second Triumvirate consisted of three who always something against each other, mainly it’s about Octavian and Antony. One of the reasons is that Octavian and Antony started a war against each other because the Octavian’s policy about the turning the publicity against his former acquaintance. However, Octavian decided to keep distance between members and then he made an attempt to expel Antony. He used Antony’s relationships with Cleopatra to make him more loyal to Egypt then to Rome, and marked him as a traitor. It was a success, Octavian and the Senate forces won the Battle of Actium In Greece, after the defeat Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide. As a result, Octavian controlled the Egypt and Alexandria. From that time, Octavian became a sole ruler and was called Augustus or “the exalted one”.
The Second Triumvirate in the history of the Rome is associated as a cooperation of three people in one authority. The Second Triumvirate existed in the span of 43 to 33 BC, it lasted actually for two five years periods until it was collapsed. The group of three consisted of Markus Aemilius Lepidus, Mark Antony and famous Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus.