Crito is a dialogue depicted by the Greek philosopher Plato. It describes the conversation between great Socrates and his friend Crito. They talked about the justice and some principles of justice, the ways how to response the injustice. In this dialog there is hidden link to the ancient contract theory. Such social contract means that individual has to transfer some rights and freedoms to the authority of the ruler or magistrate, which will protect the remaining rights. The importance of the order is shown in this dialog and is explained by the views of the main heroes. Generally, this dialog may include the Laws of Athens as informal character, because they form the subject and the problem of the dialog. Sometimes, we should treat them as a being with a human voice.
Crito is an old friend of Socrates about his age. Crito is a long-time follower of the mentor and being so proud of the philosopher, he just couldn’t withstand the execution of Socrates. That is why, he along with some other friends and students managed to find the way to arrange an escape for their mentor. Crito is so addicted that he becomes ready to any sacrifice to save Socrates from execution.
They say that the reason for the Socrates’ trial is a close association with noble men who became out of favor with coming of new authorities. It is believed that Socrates was accused of not recognizing new gods accepted by the state, inventing new deities and of corrupting youth. That is why he was sentenced by the court of 500 to the prison for waiting for the execution.
One of the main reason for Crito was the fact that if the great Socrates will be executed it will be a shame for him as he couldn’t afford to save a mentor. Another appeal was that Socrates choses the easiest way, as Crito thought, to flee from death with honor and courage. Socrates answered that he doesn’t fear death and he is certain about it. He said that the only person whose opinion is of value is the one who understands of justice. Money reputation and feeding children are values of narrow-minded men. He is strict about the unjust behavior and the way to respond to injustice. Then he turns to laws and asks whether it would be fair to escape from imprisonment and how would the city react. He says that a citizen must be in relation with authority like a child with a father, or like slave and his mother. As he has entered in relations with the opportunity to live there, he must obey laws.
Crito is a dialogue depicted by the Greek philosopher Plato. It describes the conversation between great Socrates and his friend Crito. They talked about the justice and some principles of justice, the ways how to response the injustice. In this dialog there is hidden link to the ancient contract theory.