It was the years 1958 when one of the most mysterious crises of the Cold War occurred in the Taiwan Straits. The representatives from China began to shell the offshore islands of Matsu and Quemoy, but they did nothing to deliberately provoke or invade the war with citizens of United States of America. Thanks to this incident, there are lots of opportunities for studying in how perceptions of the domestic and international events shape the actions that are taken by the country. Also, it is studied how the government of China worked in the situation of the great crisis. In this case, perceptions that Mao held were combined with the leadership of another leader, who was trying to formulate the decision for shelling the islands. The response of Americans which was made to the leaders and representatives of the leadership of Mao was formulated out of the perceptions that they got of the certain intentions.
It is so important to examine this crisis and to understand the history of the Taiwan issue. Also while examining it can be possible to understand which actions the PRC could possibly take in the future about this notices issue. Perceptions play the so important role in the shaping the policy which concerns the outcomes of the issue. Mao wielded the great amount of power, so the views and opinions which he held shaped lots of the different decisions that the rest of communist leaders held and accepted. However, both international and domestic factors are taken into account as well as the perceptions that Mao held by his own. There is one more point which plays the significant role in this crisis. It is said about that emerging Sino-Soviet split is played out during and within this crisis. Eisenhower and the perceptions that are held by his administration also have been formulated the policy outcomes of the United States of America and helped to shape the reactions which Mao had about these events.
The Nationalists posed the threat to the Communists, and it didn’t escalate during the summer in 1958. In the same year in July Chiang had already built up and formed his military forces on Quemoy for including almost of 100 000 troops. For this case, he concluded the buildup well before the representatives of Communism made the decision to shell the island. Chiang didn’t try to strengthen his positions concerning the islands in few months before it shelling. So there was no extra provocation for the Chinese Communists for retaliating against.
It was the years 1958 when one of the most mysterious crises of the Cold War occurred in the Taiwan Straits. The representatives from China began to shell the offshore islands of Matsu and Quemoy, but they did nothing to deliberately provoke or invade the war with citizens of United States of America.