1933 was the year when the National Socialist German Workers’ Party came to power along with its leader Führer Adolf Hitler. During the Nazi dictatorship, the democratic institutions in Germany were eliminated and a police state was established in the country. Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, disabled people, socialists, communists, political activists, and everybody who didn’t fit into the vision of the Nazi’s Great Germany, were actively pursued. And eventually most of them were destroyed in the concentration camps. Such nations as Jews and Gypsies were generally planned to complete destruction. Hitler’s Imperial ambitions to create a new German Empire in Central and Eastern Europe led to the war with Poland, France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States. And despite the initial brilliant military successes, Germany was unable to resist attacks on two fronts: the Allies from the west and the Soviet Union from the east.
Germans were preparing to the war with Russia with German thoroughness. Along with the Barbarossa plan, designed to destroy the Soviet Union by military means, they created a plan of brutal economic exploitation of captured Russian territories. It was called Oldenburg. The content of the infamous plan can be summed up in one word – robbery.
The most valuable evidence of Hitler’s excessive ambitions is his speeches, where he says that never in the future the formation of military power west of the Urals should be formed. In short, Germany was to remain the only country in Europe of any value. All other nations were to take the position of vassals or the medieval colonies.
The ambition to unite Germany under Ein Volk led not only to the destruction of Germany, but also to the destruction of the most part of Europe. In April 1945, Germany was in ruins.
Germany’s reputation as a country of freedom and intellectual culture was destroyed and tainted for decades to come. At the end of the war, Germany has lost 25% of its territory and faced a serious refugee crisis. More than 10 million Germans were forced to flee or were expelled to the west.
After the war, the Allies at the Potsdam Conference decided the fate of Germany’s borders. And by insistence of the Soviet Union it was deprived of the lands of eastern Prussia. Therefore, German provinces east of the Oder and Neisse rivers in Silesia and Pomerania were entirely cleared of the German population. An even greater number of ethnic Germans were expelled from their homes in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia, and were forced to move to their historical homeland.
1933 was the year when the National Socialist German Workers’ Party came to power along with its leader Führer Adolf Hitler. During the Nazi dictatorship, the democratic institutions in Germany were eliminated and a police state was established in the country.